Instructional Methods: What does the term Motivation mean?


Chapter Seven

Motivation in Teaching and Learning 

7a i). Define the term motivation

It is defined as “the general process by which behavior is initiated and directed towards a goal.”

It is  further defined  as the degree of  desire to learn new things, to study, to be inquisitive about content taught and to cooperate with the teacher in the learning process.

Although the above definitions point to the fact that motivation is functional and depends on personal factors such as needs, interests, curiosity, enjoyment, it is essential to note that to note that in certain circumstances, it is dependent on external (environmental)such as rewards, social pressure, punishment etc. It is for this reason that other terms have been frequently associated with it such as purpose, reason, incentives, drive, needs, and motives among others.


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