Instructional Methods: How does one carry out effective classroom questioning?

Chapter Five

Facilitation Methods

5a iv). Explain how to carry out effective classroom questioning.

For one to apply questioning technique adequately, the following should be observed.

  1. Clarity of expressions: use simple language to the level of the learners which will produce the right response.
  2. Question on what is within the experience, ability and background of the learners to get response.
  3. Have an answer in mind.
  4. The questions should be directed to the whole class leading to the involvement of as many students as possible.
  5. Sequence questions so that they chart a logical sequence reflecting the development of the lesson.
  6. Distribute questions evenly among the students.
  7. Use prompting questions when there is no response or the response is weak.
  8. Pick on individuals to respond to the questions, use their names.
  9. Use probing technique to get better response through support questions, clarification, rephrasing use of examples, etc.
  10. Pause after asking a question for digestion, organization and response from the learners.
  11. Give credit for effort made by using reinforcement techniques.
  12. Do not interrupt the learner’s response even if it is wrong.
  13. Accept correct answers and comment on the wrong ones so that the learners have no doubt as to the correct response.
  14. Avoid chorus answers and rhetorical questions.
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