5b iii).Explain formation and organization of small groups.
This involves forming groups from the whole class. The groups should consist of between 3 to 5 members for syndicate groups and 2 learners for quick reference as pair groups. These groups could be generated in one of the following ways:
- Random grouping: this is where students are grouped without any order. The teacher picks them to form a group. The aim of such is to get students acquainted and to encourage co-operation with other class members.
- Friendship grouping: the teacher deals with a clique as a group. Students from the same neighborhood or social class are put together forming a homogenous group.
- Interest grouping: Students volunteer for various groups on the basis of interest in the activity going on in that group or on topics under discussion e.g. in a project some might volunteer to paint, draw or write up the whole project.
- Achievement level grouping: students are grouped by their teacher according to their ability. For instance, one group consists of bright, another average and the third weak students.
- Differential ability grouping: Students are grouped by their teacher according to their ability. For instance, one group consists of bright, another average and the third weak students.
- Differential ability grouping: the teacher intentionally places students with different leadership and academic abilities in one group so that they can form a more functional group.
- Gender inclined: Students are grouped according to their gender. The idea is to promote competition between boys and girls.