Instructional Methods: The formation and organization of small groups.

Chapter Five

Facilitation Methods

5b iii).Explain formation and organization of small groups.

This involves forming groups from the whole class. The groups should consist of between 3 to 5 members for syndicate groups and 2 learners for quick reference as pair groups. These groups could be generated in one of the following ways:

  1. Random grouping: this is where students are grouped without any order. The teacher picks them to form a group. The aim of such is to get students acquainted and to encourage co-operation with other class members.
  2. Friendship grouping: the teacher deals with a clique as a group. Students from the same neighborhood or social class are put together forming a homogenous group.
  3. Interest grouping: Students volunteer for various groups on the basis of interest in the activity going on in that group or on topics under discussion e.g. in a project some might volunteer to paint, draw or write up the whole project.
  4. Achievement level grouping: students are grouped by their teacher according to their ability. For instance, one group consists of bright, another average and the third weak students.
  5. Differential ability grouping: Students are grouped by their teacher according to their ability. For instance, one group consists of bright, another average and the third weak students.
  6. Differential ability grouping: the teacher intentionally places students with different leadership and academic abilities in one group so that they can form a more functional group.
  7. Gender inclined: Students are grouped according to their gender. The idea is to promote competition between boys and girls.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s