Instructional Methods: Are you able to differentiate between Inductive and Deductive reasoning?

strategy

Chapter 4

Teaching Strategies

4 a v). Differentiate deductive and inductive teaching

These two types of teaching are related to expository and heuristic strategies of teaching. Deductive is defined as an approach to teaching where generalization is stated first and then applied to a number of examples. It includes framing a concept or generalization and then identifying a number of examples and non-examples to verify and support it. It takes less time and it is teacher controlled, therefore expository oriented.

Inductive, on the other hand, is where one starts with examples, and makes an inference or generalization upon the basis of these examples. According to Lang et al (1995) it is defined as an approach to teaching where one starts with identification of a number of particular examples and non-examples, analyzing and classifying them, and then framing a concept or generalization based on the steps used.  It is more associated with heuristic strategy.

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