5d iii). Discuss pure inquiry methods citing the advantages, shortcomings, steps followed in its implementation, and the role of the teacher.
This is a method which has an element of problem solving or discovery learning and is on the extreme of the thing continuum. It stresses on the experiences of the learners either inside or outside the classroom. It is applied to all subjects in the curriculum not only sciences. It might involve carrying out an experiment in the laboratory, solving a mathematics problem, thinking through a historical or geographical problem etc. this method is useful because:
- It draws conclusions, form concepts, and generalizations from some form of induction, deduction, observation or application of principles. The learners also learn to apply this to new situations;
- It offers good motivating activity;
- Learners get an opportunity to learn and produce the intellectual skills and learn to think rationally;
- Learners are able to see relationships and the disciplinary structure;
- Learners understand the intellectual processes, and
- Students learn that learning becomes meaningfully, through and more useful when students seek out and discover knowledge.
The method has the following shortcomings:
- Costly in time and effort
- When pupils reach erroneous conclusion, reteaching may be more difficult
- Contradiction in what has been discovered and what the teacher has in mind
Procedure for conducting discovery in scientific in nature. It involves:
- Selecting the generalization: this is where thinking originates and the generalization is made in a state of doubt, hesitation, mental difficulty.
- Setting up a problem situation: the problem is stated and expanded in order to clarify it.
- Setting up experiences that will bring out the essential elements such as problem-solving, questions
- Putting up experiences that will bring out contrasting elements: this is when the results of the inquiry come out which may be tentative, subject to new and different results in the light of new knowledge.