Instructional Methods: How can each approach be used in teaching a specific subject in the curriculum?

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Chapter 4

Teaching Strategies

4 b i). Explain how each approach could be used in teaching a specific subject in the curriculum.

An example of deductive teaching in a biology lesson

  • Establish a set of definition/or characteristics determining what constitutes an amphibian
  • Have students identify a list of examples of animals that live on land and in water, write these on the chalkboard.
  • Let them sub-divide their list into groups by identifying critical and non-critical (incidental) attributes of the animals identified.
  • Ask for other examples of each group
  • Ask for non-examples of each group.
  • Have students name the groups identified.
  • Help students to define the term amphibian including and relating to the attributes.
  • Provide a list of examples and non-examples of amphibians for students to distinguish, have them explain their choices.
  • Check for understanding by asking questions or testing.

An example of inductive teaching in biology

  • Identify the concept to be taught e.g. reptiles
  • Ask for one example of reptile and write a correct response on the chalkboard.
  • Ask for attributes of the reptile selected, and list all correct responses below the reptile’s name. Repeat the last two steps several times to provide a number of examples.
  • Ask for names of creatures that are not reptiles, and list correct responses
  • Ask for attributes of creatures that are not reptiles, and list correct responses.
  • Using the material recorded on the chalkboard, have students compare and relate attributes to distinguish the critical attributes from the non-critical (incidental) attributes.
  • Ask students to define the term reptile.
  • Provide a list of creatures for several small groups, and ask groups to use research sources to determine which creatures are reptiles by applying the definition framed by the class.
  • Review the research by confirming or re-framing their definition, drawing attention to examples and their relation to one another.

 

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