Instructional Methods: The various modes of communication


Chapter Eight

Communication in the Classroom

8d iii). Explain the various modes of communication.

 Communication as a process can be divided into various modes.

  • Symbolic ( written): It involves the written word in form of notes, summaries, letters, abstracts, books etc.
  • Verbal( oral): It is that communication which involves using the spoken mode of communication that is “using the mouth” . The spoken word is mainly in the form of oral address, speech, songs, telephone conversation, lecture in a class, seminar presentations, general statements etc.
  • Pictorial( visual): This involves the non-verbal style of communication such as diagrams, illustrations, charts, tables, graphs, models, etc.
  • Gestural : It is used to complement verbal interaction in an interpersonal communication. The communicator uses most of the time, the hands, arms, head, feet etc. Gestures are accompanied by bodily movements. Some of these gestures and movements play only a supportive role in the verbal interaction, for instance, gestures of emphasis. Others express meanings independently of the actual spoken words, although they usually occur alongside them e.g. gestures to call someone from a distance, to indicate height, to show anger, to ridicule etc.
  • Facial expressions : Teachers and students communicate continuously through the fleeting changes of their facial expressions which often accompany verbal interaction. Although used to express emotions and attitudes, they also control interactions. Examples of facial expressions are: raising or lowering of the eyebrows, frowning, blinking and staring, etc
  • Eye movement  enhances meanings of verbal utterances and provides the speaker with feedback from the listener. They are important because they help in gaining attention and maintaining interest.



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