Instructional Methods: What are schemes of work and what are their importance?


6a iv). Define “schemes of work”

The scheme of work is a detailed, logical and sequential plan that interprets the syllabus into units that can be used in a teaching-learning institution.

Alternative definition: It can also be defined as the breakdown of the syllabus into manageable units which could be covered in a specific period of time lasting for either a week(s), month(s) or a whole year.

A) State the importance of scheming in teaching.

  1. It makes teaching both systematic and orderly since it ensures that topics in the syllabus are taught in an orderly manner starting with the simplest to the most complex
  2. It ensures that every topic in the syllabus is covered.
  3. It enables the teacher to budget for time wisely giving room for events and activities which might interfere with the school calendar e.g. public holidays, prize-giving day, sports day etc.
  4. It gives the teacher an insight t0 teaching by enabling the teacher to identify content, methods and relevant instructional materials which he/she is going to use in the lesson thus giving him/her enough time to sort out the requirements.
  5. It guides the teacher in making a lesson plan.
  6. It checks the teacher’s pace of teaching.
  7. It is useful during the transition when a teacher is transferred, the incoming teacher will easily take over from where she/he had reached avoiding repetition or omission. This ensures continuity in the learning process.




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