2a. (i)What is a system ?
A system can be defined as a set of components or elements interacting together towards a common goal.It is further defined as a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/ intricate whole.
(ii) Explain the relationship between the system and its environment
- The environment provides the inputs be it money, people, resources etc. which is put in the system and to a great extent determine the quality of the operation of the system.
- The environment establishes the constraints such as inadequate material upon the system.
- The environment consists of resources and constraints that affect the system either positively or negatively realized through its products.
- Each system has a dynamic stability(equilibrium) with the environment and exhibits various levels of balance among its elements based on common expectations and goals.
(iii )Explain the components of a system.
Every system has the following main components.
- Input: This refers to what is put in the system for it to be operational. In the case of education, the input are students, teachers, materials etc.
- Output: What comes from the system. This refers to the end product of a system where in the case of education they will be educated individuals who have acquired relevant knowledge, values,positive attitudes and skills .
- Process: What procedures the input goes through before it comes out as a finished product. In the case of education, it refers to the learning/ teaching process the individual student goes through before coming out as a final product.