Instructional Methods: What to consider when catering for individual differences.


Chapter Nine

Providing for individual differences

9a i). Explain the sources of information a teacher will consult in order to understand his/her students

The knowledge about learners can be derived from :

  • Cumulative record folders found in the school office or in guidance and counseling department. This record contains the student’s academic background, family background, test and examination scores, extra-curricular activities one is involved in etc.
  • Observation: The teacher can gather information about the student by observing her/him in class, in the fields, in clubs, etc.
  • Conferences: One can use formal meetings or interviews with the students to talk to them and gather information about their interests, ambitions, problems, and hopes. The teacher can use open-ended questions to encourage them to speak freely concerning their values, opinions and accept them as they are.
  • Parents conferences: Teacher’s conversation with parents will explain to one a few things about the learner. Such would include behavior mannerism, speech defects etc. There are certain characteristics which are passed on from parents to children e.g. stammering pride, arrogance, and certain mannerism.
  • Questionnaire: A teacher can prepare, administer and analyze  questionnaires, to find out students areas of interest, their attitude on given subject and even their talents.

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