6 b vi). Identify how to construct multiple-choice items.
How to construct multiple-choice items
The following steps should be followed when constructing multiple items:
- Choose relevant and important topics from which to develop items.
- Design statements that imply situations that students have not previously encountered.
- Write the stem (the question) first. Try to make it as short as possible and use clear simple language.
- The stem must be carefully worded to avoid vagueness and different interpretations.
- State your questions positively because negatives tend to confuse students.
- Look for the key (answer).
- Make sure that there is only one correct answer.
- Look for destructors (wrong options). .
- Destructors should not be obviously wrong.
- Make all the responses almost equal in length or make two responses short and the other two long.
- Place the correct answer in different positions in each question,
- Make sure all responses fit grammatically with the stem. If only the correct answer completes the sentence in a grammatical way you are providing a clue to the student who is guessing,
- Avoid phrases such as none of these or all of them.
- Ensure mat the test is not too long otherwise it will become an endurance test rather than a test of ability.