History and Government: How does a teacher prepare a table of specification?

CHAPTER SIX 

6 c vii). Identify the steps a teacher ought to follow in preparing a table of specification.

How to prepare a table of specification

It can be prepared in the following ways:

  • Identify the content area to be covered.
  • Prepare a grid chart.
  • List the content area to be tested vertically in the chart.
  • Across the top of the chart give a breakdown of the six levels of learning.
  • Decide on the number of items (questions) to be set in a given content area.
  • Decide on the number of items per topic and the appropriate level of testing e.g. Is it knowledge or comprehension.
  • Ensure that there is more concentration in the middle levels of learning with a few questions in the lowest (knowledge) and highest level (evaluation). The distribution of questions should form a normal curve.

Note:

  • Content does not always fail in a single cognitive level, Sometimes it cuts across two or more levels of learning,
  • The number of items per learning level depends on the amount of content covered and the proportion of emphasis given during instruction.
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