History and Government: What are the elements of a scheme of work?


5a iv).Describe the elements of a scheme of work.

 Elements in a scheme of work

A good scheme of work should contain the following components:

  1. Month: This refers to the month of the calendar year when a given topic will be taught.
  2. Week: This is the week of the school term when a particular topic is to be taught.
  3. Number of lessons: Is the number of history lessons per week given the provision of lessons in the secondary school classes,
  4. Content: It includes topic, sub-topics and the subject matter to be taught.
  5. Topic
  6. Could be thought of as a unit of study to be taught within a given number of periods. It indicates the area of syllabus being dealt with,
  7. Sub-topic
  8. It breaks down the topics into suitable units and forces the teacher to decide what can be handled in one lesson.
  9. Subject Matter
  10. Is the actual content of the lesson, This is where the teacher notes down a summary of the main teaching points. It specifies what learners are expect echo achieve at the end of the lesson,
  11. Objectives: They are in most cases specific and stated in behavioral terms of what the teacher expects students to do at the end of the lesson.
  12. Learning activities; These are activities which die students should carry out in order to learn the content presented to them by the teacher.
  13. Resources; These are non-printed materials used to facilitate learning. They make explanation and description more real,, lively and interesting for the class, Examples include pictures, real objects/specimen, charts and maps.
  14. References; These are books that a teacher uses or consults when planning a lesson. They are both the textbooks and any other printed materials that a teacher reads to look for facts and information about a certain topic. The following information should be included in this column, the Little of the book and its author’s name, publisher and place of publication. Year of publication, chapter and page e.g. .Wot H.O. (19″-). AV/c Approaches In History teaching in Secondary Schools. Kenya
  15. Remarks: This column is provided so that the teacher can note whether the lessons planned in the scheme are taught. There should be a reason to miss any class, for example, by virtue of sickness, public holidays or other related reasons. The teacher should indicate this and suggest when such a lesson will be taught. Lessons that need to be repeated should also be shown in this column. The remarks are important because they assist in future planning arid teaching. They should be written immediately after a lesson has been taught. Figure 11 gives a format of a history and government scheme of work

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