History and Government: What is assessment and what is its importance in the teaching of History and Government?

black-teacher

CHAPTER SIX

ASSESSMENT

6 a i). Define the term “assessment” as it pertains to the teaching of history and government and examine its significance.

Assessment is a systematic process used to determine the extent to which educational objectives are achieved. This is done through measurement and evaluation, Although the terms “measurement” and ”evaluation are often used interchangeably, there is a slight distinction between the two, Measurement involves the construction, administration and scoring tests in order to come up with quantitative descriptions of student performance and it is more specific than evaluation, Evaluation on the other hand means the processes in which value judgment plays a key role in such areas as grading and promoting students. Such judgment is based on a composite of different types of measurement obtained from tests, projects, laboratory work, reports and examinations.

Assessment of learners’ academic progress is central to effective teaching and learning. AJdrich argues that: “Assessment is a key element in educational practice, for in its many forms, it is an integral part of the process of teaching and learning, essential for monitoring standards and a powerful instrument of change”. (Aldrich: 1991; 66).

Assessment involves two steps: identifying and defining the objectives of instruction and constructing or selecting evaluation instruments which best appraise these objectives.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s