6 b i). State the definition of a test and state what teachers should consider while setting a test.
A test can be defined as:
- The presentation of a standard set of questions through which one obtains a measure characteristic of a person.
- A form of examination for evaluating the performance and capabilities of a student or class.
When constructing a test, the teacher should do the following:
- Define the learners’ task as completely and clearly as possible ensuring that it measures the intended objectives.
- Write the items clearly and specifically in order for the learners to know what is expected of them.
- The expected responses from the students should relate to significant content and behaviour as indicated in the table of specifications and objectives,
- Restrict the subject matter to be covered by the question,
- The area of emphasis for the question should be indicated either by underlining, writing in italics, or in bold writing.
- The question should be interesting and challenging enough., and at the proper level of difficult)’ relative to the students and the test purpose.
- Structure the questions in such a way that an overall understanding of the learners can be assessed.
- Each question should be easy to follow from the learners’ point of view.
- Avoid vague terms that could elicit contradictory responses from the learners by making sure the questions are not linguistically or conceptually ambiguous,
- Try to set questions which test specific skills that the learner has been undergoing.
- Check the adequacy of the questions by seeing whether you and other experts can agree on the required answer.
- Provide generous time limit for the test depending on the number and complexity of the questions
- Ensure that it measures the intended objectives.
- Have a common basis for evaluation by preparing a marking scheme.