6 b iii). Examine the types of tests necessary in the successful teaching and learning of History and Government.
Types of Tests
There are two types of tests, which are frequently used to test students’ knowledge. These are objective and essay tests.
- Objective tests
These are tests, which tend to reduce the amount of subjectivity and human error in scoring, In objective tests, the learners’ responses are limited to either of the following: single words, phrases or simple choices from several choices presented to them.
- Essay Tests
These are tests which require learners to give lengthy answers by a narrative on a given topic. The learners are expected to organize ideas or show creativity through writing. There are two types of essays; extended (open-ended) and restricted response (structured).
In the extended type, no bounds are placed on the student as to the number of points to be discussed and the type of organization to use. This type of essay question permits the student to demonstrate ability to call upon factual knowledge, evaluate it, organize ideas and present them In a logical coherent fashion. The extended response essay questions are suitable at the levels of synthesis and evaluation. Terms commonly used in these type of questions are discuss, describe, explain, apply, determine, analyse etc.
In the restricted response essay questions, the student is more limited in the form and scope of the answer because one is told specifically the context that the answer is to take. It is suitable for measuring learning outcomes at the comprehension, application and analysis levels Terms associated with • restricted response questions include such words as dehne, stale, identih, give, name, compare, contrast, classify, illustrate, trace, explain, and outline