History and Government: When does the teacher use pictures in history?

CHAPTER THREE

3d iv) State instances in which a teacher ought to use pictures in teaching history.

When does the teacher use pictures in history?

Most of the topics in History and Government invite the use of pictures whether they are drawn, painted or taken by means of a chemical action of light (photography). Pictures can be used when;

  • Introducing a lesson in order to stimulate interest in the learners. This is very essential for instance when teaching about Kenyan leaders: Jomo Kenyatta, Ronald Ngala, Oginga Odinga, Daniel Arap Moi and Tom Mboya. A picture of each of these personalities could be produced at the beginning of the lesson.
  • Illustrating and clarifying a point during the lesson. To make the point under discussion vivid and interesting, pictures can be introduced in the lesson development stage. For instance, when teaching about Egyptian civilization; show a picture of a pyramid, a tomb, a mummy, or an Egyptian writing at the right time.
  • Dealing with a topic/ a theme in history, pictures dealing with specific points (features) of the topic are produced as each feature is discussed. For instance, when discussing an early person, the teacher can show learners, pictures of a human being at each evolution stage. Similarly, those pictures covering all stages of evolution could be arranged in a chronological order and mounted on a chart for die class to study or look at later. In a topic like transport, the class can make use of pictures showing early forms of transport to those indicating the most advanced mode of transport.
  • Following up a lesson: After conducting a lesson with picture (s), the teacher can display the pictures on the wall with written questions underneath. Students can be given time to study the pictures and try to answer the questions.
  • The learners are making notes during/or after the lesson.
  • The teacher is assigning work to the learners.
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