History and Government:How does a teacher use maps effectively in the teaching of history?


3c viii). How does a teacher use maps effectively in the teaching of history?

How to use maps effectively in history teaching

For effective utilization of maps the teacher should do the following:

  • Hang it conveniently in the classroom.
  • Display it at the right time for instance when you want to use it to emphasize an idea, after introducing something which needs to be checked on the map.
  • Make sure it is large and clear enough for every student to be able to see the required detail without strain.
  • Let the students focus on the map at the same time whether they are looking at it as a class, individuals or groups.
  • Make a sketch out of small and detailed maps with useful information or have them projected on an overhead projector.
  • In using a wall map, use a pointer when showing important features, » Identify questions to be answered by the students using the map,
  • Tell the learners what to look for, They should look at it critically, interpret it and come up with some conclusion,
  • Stress relationship rather than mere location if the aim is to locate a certain area. For example, if the teacher wants the learner to locate Kisumu city, reference should be made to its location in the Western side of Kenya, on the shores of Lake Victoria and on the Southern route to Uganda.
  • Relate map work as much as possible to the lives of students starting from the known to the unknown.
  • Make sure the learners develop a variety of skills such as critical observation and interpretation. This is possible if the map is studied in detail.
  • Make sure any assignment given on the map is done to your satisfaction by checking the students’ exercise books. This could be either drawing the map or filling in an outline map specific information,
  • Encourage students to collect and draw as many maps as possible. This will improve their skill in drawing.
  • Handle maps well because they are delicate.
  • Fold and keep them well after use for future utilization

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