History and Government: How should teachers use tape recorders in classrooms?


3 f ii). Explain how to use of a tape recorder in the classroom

How to use a tape recorder in the classroom

For effective utilization of the tape recorder, the teacher should follow the following steps;

1.Preview the audio material.

The teacher has to listen to the material critically before taking it to the classroom, This will help to:

  •  determine the relevancy of the material.
  •  find out the objectives of the audio material.
  •  identify important terms and concepts used.
  •  find out other materials required for the lesson, e.g. maps, ‘charts and pictures,
  •  find out whether there are activities for the students during the lesson.
  •   know the duration of the programme so that the teacher could make the necessary adjustment regarding the lesson (timetable).
  •  find out what the main points of the programme are.
  • decide on how the material will be presented, i.e. whether it will be a continuous play or there will be pauses to allow for questions and discussions.
  •  decide on assessment procedures to use to determine whether the objectives have been realized.  test on the condition of the cassette and on the cells (in places with no electricity) whether they are low or high.

2. Prepare the class for listening

The teacher has to:

  • introduce the programme to the students and explain the objectives;
  •  write new terms and concepts on the chalkboard and explain them;
  •  inform the learners what is expected of them during the lesson, e.g. making notes, writing down the main points.
  •  reorganize seating/sitting arrangement if need be;
  •  emphasize on class control; and
  •  encourage students to listen quietly and carefully.

3. Play the programme:

  • > Place the [ape player in a strategic place.
  • > Turn on the player and make sure the volume is loud enough for the whole class.
  • > Stop and replay where necessary.
  • > Ensure that the learners are doing the right thing at the right time during the programme. This is to ensure full participation, e.g. making notes and answering questions.

4. Follow-up activity:

As a part of follow-up of the programme the teacher should do the following:

  •  Fill in gaps where there were omissions in the presentation.
  •  Make clarification on areas, which were not clear to the learners,
  •  Invite questions/comments from the students about the programme.
  •  Ask questions to find out whether the learners understood the lesson.
  •  Give assignment to the learners, e.g. to write notes; work on a project, to draw a chart, to role-play and to write a test.
  •  Evaluate the effectiveness of the programmes by assessing learners’ performance in the given assignments.

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