7a v). Outline the various features of a scheme of work
Feature of a Scheme Work
- 1. Administrative details: Every scheme of work must have administrative information indicating the subject, class, stream, term and year when the schemes will be operation. It also gives a title e.g. “C.R.E scheme of work, Form lIB, 151 term,
- Week: It refers to the week of the term when a given topic in the scheme will be
taught e.g. 2nd week: “Introduction to Geography”. The teacher has to plan for all the weeks of the term.
- Period or lesson: This refers to the specific lesson in a week when a given topic or sub-topic will be taught. The number of lessons per week for R.E varies. In form one and two there are three lessons per week, while in form three and four there are four lessons in a week. Given that there are many activities in the term which interfere with teaching, the teacher is supposed to identify these activities and cater for them in the planning process. To estimate the number of periods to be taught in a term, one has to calculate the number of weeks in the term and multiply by the number of subject periods per week, less 10 for lost periods that may occur due to interruption and other factors.
- Objectives: They specify what the learners are expected to achieve at the end of the lesson. They are very specific and stated in behavioural terms.
- Content: It shows what topic or sub-topic will be covered in a given lesson/per It also indicates some of the main points of the lesson.
- Learning activities: There are activities which the students will be expected to carry out in order to learn the content presented to them by the teacher.
- Resources: These are teaching/learning materials which the teacher is supposed to use to facilitate learning and therefore achieve the objectives stated e.g. pictures, charts, maps, objects, models, radio, audio-visual materials etc.
- References: These are the textbooks and other printed materials the teacher uses or consults when scheming or planning to teach e.g. reference books, newspapers, magazines and journals.
- Remarks: These are comments a teacher makes after teaching a given lesson. They are concerned with whether the lesson went on as schemed and if not why and what steps will be taken to rectify the situation. The steps to be considered could be repeating the whole lesson, carrying out remedial teaching or re-teaching specific elements of the lesson or clarifying certain issues etc.
- Means of evaluation: This refers to how the learners’ achievements will be assessed against the planned lesson objectives.