ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the procedures of asking questions and what are the relevant guidelines in micro-teaching?



9c v).Examine some of the procedures of asking questions and the relevant guidelines in micro-teaching

Procedure of asking questions

  • State the question
  • Pause, allow time for pupils to consider the question and think about the answer
  • Call on a name of the pupils to attempt the question
  • Listen to the answer
  • Comment, evaluate and reinforce the answer

Guidelines to asking questions

  • Pre-plan (especially for higher order questions) and follow a logical sequence (systematically)
  • Ask questions in a naturally friendly and conversational manner
  • Frequency of questioning
  • Address the question to the whole class and distribute well
  • Repeat the question only when legitimately necessary, rephrase if unclear
  • Do not wait unnecessarily long for a response, assist by prompting
  • Prompt, probe, refocus and redirect appropriately
  • Eliminate opportunities for guesswork
  • Avoid questions whose responses are YES or NO
  • Discourage chorus answers
  • Insist on complete thought units of answers in good language
  • Accept all genuine answers sincerely. If correct partly, acknowledge that part
  • Correct pupils’ inaccuracy. Pupils should not be made to feel afraid in making mistakes
  • Avoid discouraging comments on wrong answers
  • Allow and encourage pupils’ questions.
  • When a pupil starts asking questions just to show off, throw back the questions back to him/her tactfully
  • Sometimes it is best to turn a pupil’s question to the whole class for consideration
  • If you do not know the answer to a pupil’s question, it is best to admit your inability rather than be caught lying or bluffing. You can always promise to give the correct answer after your research.

Some “don’ts” when asking questions

  • Avoid double barreled questions
  • Avoid ambiguous questions
  • Avoid “echo” questions e.g. x=y, is y=x?
  • Avoid “pumping” questions e.g. “your father is a doctor?”
  • Avoid asking questions that end with “Is what.”

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