VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION
2a iv). Examine the place of Gestures in the teaching process.
These are non-verbal behaviors. Five types of gestures are described below.
- Emblems or symbols. These are signs that a specific society or an identifiable group of people hold in common. Examples are national flags, school badges, or signs used by matatu drivers to describe positions of policemen on the highway.
- Illustrators. These are gestures that accompany speech. They are used to sketch a path, point to an object or show the spatial position of a place on a map while speaking about the site.
- Affect displays. These are facial expressions that show emotions and feelings such as happiness, disgust, and sadness. These are through winking, smiling, frowning, raising or lowering eyelids and eyebrows.
- Regulators. These are non-verbal activities that maintain and regulate the back and forth nature of speaking between two or more people. Examples include head nods, eye movements, and body shifts and that is used to encourage or discourage conversation.
- Adaptors. These are restless movements of hands, feel, tongue, kicking motions of one’s legs and finger tapping. They accompany boredom and show internal feelings of an individual besides regulating the situation. Bored pupils tap their fingers on their desks, keep checking their watches or yawn.