PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA
4b iii). Discuss the role of programmed Teaching and Learning materials in the teaching process.
126.96.36.199 Programmed Teaching and Learning Materials.
This is a kind of instructional format where information is presented in steps, the presentation stimulus demands an active response by the learner, and the learner is either told whether his/her response is correct or s/he compares them with the ones given in the program. The most important advantage of this format is that each learner can learn at his/her own pace. These programmed teaching/learning materials can be used when the teacher intends to:
- Teach new knowledge and skills independently of to her materials of presentation.
- Enrich and complement the teaching program.
- Review the teaching/learning materials.
- Assist poor pupils or those who have been absent to catch up with the regular classroom work.
Programmed materials have the following advantages:
- They allow educators to organize their tending materials into logical step by step presentation.
- Offer flexible teaching/learning possibilities that can be used by groups or individual learners in the classroom, in learning resource centers or at home.
- They give teachers a concrete and immediate feedback on a learner’s progress.
- They incite learners to become active.
- They reduce learner error by being more efficient in realizing specific goals than are other forms of teaching and learning.
- They are normally protested and revised to ensure validity and reliability.
However, programmed materials have limitations some of which are:
- They lack intrinsic motivation as the learners work in isolation.
- There is little provision in the program for the learner to develop or to express himself as creatively as an individual
- They compartmentalize knowledge in a manner that makes cross-disciplinary approaches to subject content difficult
- Major principles and concepts are at times lost in programmed teaching /learning because knowledge is so broken down in small steps that the broad aspects of subject maybe lost.