ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION: How is the concept of Educational Planning applied in the teaching process today?7a i).

CHAPTER SEVEN:

INTRODUCTION TO EDUCATIONAL PLANNING

7a i). Analyze the concept of Educational Planning in the teaching process today

A plan is a document depicting Policy or showing the direction or processes to be used in accomplishing a project. A plan is like a map showing the routes, obstacles, facts etc of an ara. A plan can also be said to be a recommended future course of action. It is a guide to achieving previously established objectives in an optimum manner and by use of an orderly sequence of steps. Planning is future-oriented and basically, entails laying strategies for future action.

EDUCATIONAL PLANNING

Definitions:

A plan:

Is a document depicting

  • Policy,
  • Direction or processes to be sued in accomplishing a project

Is like a map showing the routes, obstacles, facts etc of an area. A plan can also be said to be a recommended future course of action. It is a guide to achieving previously established objectives in an optimum manner and by use of an orderly sequence of steps.

PLANNING;

It is a process of making a set of decisions for future action

It is the intellectual anticipation of possible future situations, selection of desirable situations to be achieved (objectives) and  the determination of relevant actions that need to be taken in order to reach those objectives at a reasonable cost

 

FUNCTIONS OF PLANNING

1.Decision-making

Carried out by politicians, influential politicians and sometimes professional. In Kenya this function is carried out by the cabinet in union with professionals (PSs)

Concerned with goal setting and approval.

2.Technical Function:

Carried out by planners or technocrats trained in statics and in social sciences. Focuses on the formation of plans, identification of targets, and evaluation of required resources

Deals with quantitative and qualitative aspects of education.g. provision of teaching facilities, qualified teachers, building educational facilities. Finances (recurrent and Development)

3.Implementation Function:

Refers actualizing the theory.e. fulfilling the targets

This is done by administrators of the system both national, provincial, district, county

It is the most difficult function in the planning

4.Control Function:

Involves discovery of discrepancies between actual and planned achievement

Establish errors and problems

Modification of the plan

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