ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION: What is the significance of school mapping in understanding the teaching-learning process?

CHAPTER 9

MICRO AND MACRO PLANNING, THE PLANNING CYCLE

9a ii). Discuss the importance of school mapping in understanding the teaching-learning process.

SCHOOL MAPPING (LOCATION)

It is a continuous process that involves logical and systematic process of identification of sites, for the establishment of educational facilities

  • School mapping –expert survey of the location of a school in terms of accessibility and physical terrain
  • A set of techniques and procedures used to plan the demand for school places at the local level and to decide on the location of future schools and the means to be allocated at the institutional level. (Govinda R 1999) UNESCO (IIEP)
  • Started in France in 1963 to implement a major education reform-extending compulsory education until age 16.
  • Developed various circulars, regulations, standards and procedures for guiding decision-making process on where to locate new schools (school map).
  • Started in France I 1963 to implement a major education reform-extending compulsory education until age 16.
  • Developed various circulars, regulations, standards and procedures for guiding decision-making process on where to locate new schools (school map).
  • Currently used in countries to plan the location of primary/secondary schools.
  • School mapping focuses on rationalizing physical location of school based on the demand within and between specified catchments area.
  • Focuses on optimizing the use of human, material and financial resources
  • Should be future focused.
  • Should be a dynamic vision of what the educational service with their primes, teachers, and equipment should be in future to enable policy implementation
  • Should also plan for all types of educational activities, including out of school literacy programmes, post-literacy courses (churches mosques, cooperatives), vocational training (educational map)
  • It focuses on supply-assumes that demand for education exits thus need to open schools for children to enroll.
  • Can also suggest a change in school calendar to allow children to erik itn eh field/assist parents.
  • School Mapping gradually evolving from simple exercise of school coating planning to a more comprehensive exercise of planning for educational development (micro-planning)
  • Carried out by local school administrator local planner or DEO
  • Its decentralization of education planning i.e. decisions on opening, closing expanding schools , recruitment and redeployment of teachers taken to local level.

 

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