THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER
11 b iv). Provide some of the methodologies a teacher can use in order to identify a child with hearing impairment and manage them effectively.
Characteristics of the hearing impaired children
Hearing impaired children do not hear speech. Consequently, they do not acquire oral language. Intellectually, some deaf children could have superior intelligence, others normal, average, while others may be mentally handicapped.
What are some of the signs of hearing impairment?
Some of the signs of hearing problems are turning one ear towards the speaker, favouring one ear in conversation when the speakers face cannot be seen, Omission of consonant sounds. Other indicators include; not following directions, seeming distracted or confused at times, frequent asking people to repeat what they have said, mispronouncing new words or names or being reluctant to participate in class discussions.
Some of the physical problems associated with hearing impairment are ear aches, discomfort in the ears, stranger ringing or buzzing noises, discharge from the ears or excessive heavy wax building in the ear canal also cause hearing impairment. Frequent colds and sore throats are occasional indicators of infections that could impair hearing.
How are hearing impaired children managed?
Over the years several approaches have been developed in the management of hearing impaired children.
They have been trained in speech reading also called lip reading. They have also been trained in sign language and finger spelling
A combination of the manual method of communication and oral methods has been known to yield fruits. Today technological innovations such as teletypewriters and many avenues of communication through email and the Internet have expanded communication possibilities for all the people with hearing impairment.