Educational Psychology: What are some of the methods teachers can employ to counter student-related problems?

CHAPTER TEN

CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT

10 a iv). Explain methodologies that some of the methods teachers can employ to counter student-related problems effectively?

How pupils react to problems

Pupils react to problems by becoming problematic. Problematic pupils who cannot or will not adjust to the socially acceptable norms for behavior. A problematic pupil will disrupt his own academic progress and that of his classmates. He may lack the ability to make and to keep friends due to poor interpersonal relations.

The problematic pupil is likely to show any of the several outwardly manifested behaviors; for example;

1. Absenteeism

    • Absenteeism can be either physical absence, which means that the child is bodily away from class many times with faked reasons of sickness or other reasons.
    • Psychological absence means that the pupil is bodily present in class but mentally he is far away.
    • This can be observed if the pupil is looking outside the window,
    • Passing notes to others in the class is staring vacantly,
    • Fidgeting or
    • Daydreaming.

2. Show of misconduct

The problematic child is likely to be involved in misbehavior, for example,

    • Noise making,
    • Aggression,
    • Defiance,
    • Use of profane language or
    • Basically acting tough.

3. Stealing

Pupils will engage in stealing for various reasons.

    • Sometimes they want to get revenge, or
    • They wish to vent hostile feelings towards parents.
    • A child may steal due to lack of respect for other people’s property,
    • There are children who steal without an apparent good reason.
    • This may happen when a child has problems that are psychological in nature.
    • In this case a child will steal in order to fill a psychological deficit with material things.

4. Lying

This refers to twisting or falsifying information for selfish motives.

    • Children tell lies in order to escape the consequences of punishment or to get attention.
    • Also they will tell lies in order to reduce anxiety or
    • Even to get something they want.

 

5. Cheating

    • Pupils will cheat when a task is too difficult and particularly when parents and teachers have set standards that the child cannot attain.
    • The child will also cheat in order to avoid failure.
    • The cheating child may also be the one who feels both inadequate and inferior.

6. Truancy

The truant child stays away from school without the knowledge of the parents.

    • He may go fishing, movie watching or just any other activity that keeps him away from school.
    • A child will become truant if the school is threatening. For example
    • A pupil who is being bullied or one who is performing poorly in school will be truant.
    • Also the pupil who has neither found love at home nor at school will develop a strong dislike for school and can turn to truancy.

 

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