Educational Psychology: What is Achievement motivation and how do you nature it in learners today?

CHAPTER SEVEN

MOTIVATION

7b ii). Outline some of the steps you will take to nature achievement motivation in your respective students.

Achievement Motivation

Achievement motivation is the desire.

  • To excel,
  • To complete difficult tasks,
  • To meet high standards and
  • To outperform others.

Pupils who are high in the need to achieve are those who are intrinsically motivated. They differ from low need achievers in a number of ways

        • They do better on problem-solving tasks
        • They show better performance and more rapid improvement on verbal tasks.
        • They set realistic but challenging goals for themselves
        • They show a need for competence for its own sake as early as three years of age What are the factors that promise achievement motivation? One important factor is Achievement motivation is related to the following factors

Parental expectations. The parents should put realistic pressure on the child’s performance.

        • They should not allow a child to underachieve nor
        • Should they expect a child to achieve beyond his level of competence?
        • The second factor is the sex of the child,
        • Depending on socialization boys, tend to show higher achievement motivation than girls. This occurs in cases where they are expected,
        • To perform well,
        • Pass their examinations,

Get jobs and finally become providers for their families. How true is this in the Kenyan factor? This scenario has changed in many families where girls are no longer waiting to get married to men who have made it. There are families in Kenya today where the girls are achieving and the boys failing not only in academic work but also in life.

The third factor affecting achievement motivation is the size of the family. Again the view held is that in small families where there are the parents and probably two children, achievement motivation is higher while in large families achievement motivation is low. In the African context and Kenya, in particular, the issue is not as simple as whether the family is large or small. There are large families that which have produced many prominent people.

However, as the cost of educating children continue to soar higher and higher then the families with many children may not be able to sustain them in an institution of learning. Birth order of the child is the fourth another factor influencing achievement motivation. Firstborns are said to have a higher need for achievement than later siblings. Again this is determined by the family’s expectations of its firstborns. If the first-born is pressurized to achieve in order to take up parental roles, then he will work hard in order to fulfill parental expectations. There are many instances today where the first-born ends up to become so spoilt,

        • That even finishing school remains a remote dream.

Culture is fifth-factor affecting achievement motivation. There are cultures that encourage cooperation. In those cultures that encourage competition while others encourage competition. Achievement motivation is nurtured. Children in learning in these cultures learn to want to excel, to outperform others and generally to be outstanding. In the cultures that encourage cooperation achievement motivation remains hidden due to lack of competition.

Nurturing Achievement Motivation

How can a teacher encourage the development of achievement motivation? The tendency to achieve success is determined by three things

        • The motive to succeed or need achievement
        • The persons estimate of the likelihood of success in a task
        • The incentive for success

The teacher should make every possible attempt to arouse in the learners the need to achieve. This can be done by empowering learners to succeed by,

        • Providing them with tasks that they can master under conditions of reinforcement.
        • The learner should have the promise that the likelihood to succeed is high.
        • If he knows that he is more likely to succeed then he will pursue the learning task. It is the teacher’s duty to help learners to be achievers.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s