2b ii). Explain the application of classical conditioning to the teaching-learning process today
Application of classical conditioning to the teaching-learning process
In this section, I have looked at the aspects of classical conditioning, which are applicable in the classroom setting. The aspects are the following:
The learning environment
From classical conditioning, we learn that it is important to provide a conducive learning environment. The belief is that all behavior is controlled by environmental conditions and demands. The learning environment should be enriched enough. It should be arranged in manner that makes learning probable. It is true that if Ivan Pavlov had not provided the right environment for learning the dog would never have been conditioned to learn the association between the bell and the food.
The principle of contiguity
This principle states that events that occur together in time and in space are associated together. These are the events that are paired. When we look at the school situation we are concerned with the events that are paired. If the teacher pairs pleasant experiences with the school experiences the students learn to approach school with enthusiasm. They learn to enjoy school and learning.
On the other hand the teacher who pairs the school experiences with unpleasant events makes pupils to fear and hate school. There are many unpleasant events that can be present in school. These include the use of harsh words, insulting language and punitive events. These negative events affect the pupil adjustment to school and performance.
They also create negative feelings and attitudes towards the teacher, the subject he teaches and school in general. Teachers are therefore advised to pair school experiences with pleasant events.