Educational Psychology: What role do personalized goals and incentives play in the learning process? Do they encourage better performance in students?

CHAPTER SEVEN

MOTIVATION

7b iii). Summarize some of the personalized goals and incentives that a teacher can use in order to motivate his/her students to post better results in their examinations.

Personalized goals and incentives as motivators

Intrinsic motivation is also demonstrated by personal goals and incentives.

        • Many motives are personalized.
        • There are people motivated to be leaders and
        • Others to be followers.
        • Some people want to assert themselves by physical actions.
        • Others want to use the spoken word.
        • While others want to seek recognition by becoming somebody.
        • A doctor, a lawyer, an engineer, teacher, lecturer and so on. These personal motives determine the individual’s level of aspiration.
        • Here aspiration means the expectation of accomplishment.
        • Some people have high levels of task accomplishment while others are low.
        • A person’s level of aspirations is usually modified by his success and failure.
        • A person who often succeeds continues to have high aspirations.
        • While the failing person’s aspiration drops.
        • If a person is succeeding and hence the level of aspirations is high then his self- concept is positive. This can be noted in a person who considers himself an intellectual and studies hard to become a scholar.
        • The person does everything he can to maintain the image of a scholar.
        • On the other hand, the person who develops a negative self-image of failure will not do very well not to do very much to change the situation.
        • Instead, he becomes resigned to his fate.
        • With this in mind, the teacher is advised to help each learner to identify his personal goals and aspirations.

 

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