Curriculum Development: What are some of the Instructional Goals of education?

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CHAPTER FOUR
AIMS, GOALS, AND OBJECTIVES OF CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT

4a iii).Examine the concept of Instructional Goals.

Definition of Instructional Goals

An instructional goal is defined as a statement of performance expected of each student in a class phrased in general terms without criteria of achievement. Sometimes the term instructional goals is used to refer to general objectives. The writers use tentative general objectives when they mean instructional goals.

Examples of Instructional Goals

  1. The student will show an understanding of the causes of inflation.
  2. The student will demonstrate an understanding of the works of great philosophers.
  3. The student will demonstrate his ability to read novels without difficulty.

Activity 16

Are instructional objectives to be written at the beginning or end of your lesson plan: Give your reasons.

Instructional Objectives

An instructional objective is a statement of performance to be demonstrated by each student in the class, derived from the instructional goal, phrased, imeasurable and observable terms.

Instructional objectives are also called

  1. Behavioural objectives
  2. Performance objectives
  3. Competencies

Teachers are always encouraged to state instructional objectives whenever they are planning instruction.

Examples of Instructional Objectives

  1. The student will be able to identify and name five main parts of a flower, using a specimen given from the school garden.
  2. The student will be able to identify and write correctly the nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs in a given English passage.
  3. At the end of the lesson students will be able to name the main sources of revenue for local government.

Many teachers in our schools find it difficult to plan and state instructional objectives. On many occasions, they have regarded instructional objectives as very useful. Some of the uses of instructional objectives as a waste of time and unnecessary. However, instructional objectives are very useful. Some of the uses of instructional objectives are specified below:

  • Instructional objectives force the teacher to be precise about what to accomplish.
  • They enable the teacher to communicate to pupils what they must achieve.
  • They make evaluation procedures easy
  • They make accountability possible
  • They make sequencing quite easy
  • They make the students to be aware of what they are expected to learn in a given lesson.

Activity 17

Write two instructional objectives of your own and then find out if you followed the guidelines as stated.

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