8c ii). Examine some of the phases of curriculum evaluation
In Kenya the task of evaluating the curriculum in schools is carried out into phases:-
- Formative Evaluation Phase
- Summative Evaluation Phase
In all the two phases different personnel are involved. Let us examine the role of each personnel in curriculum evaluation. The ministry of education science and technology has the following branches of personnel who undertake the evaluation tasks in Kenya.
a. The Inspectorate
- Subject inspectors at the headquarters are responsible for every subject that is included in the curriculum and taught in our schools. There is a team of subject specialists who inspect and provide information on the effectiveness or weakness of subject-content, methodology and material used for instruction
- Subject Inspectors at the headquarters co-ordinate activities pertaining to particular subjects for all schools, i.e. secondary, colleges and primary schools.
- Subject-Inspectors at the headquarters are assisted by provincial and district school inspectors.
b. Curriculum Development K.I.E
- The section of research and evaluation is responsible for curriculum evaluation at both formative and summative phases. The work of evaluating curriculum is done by curriculum development experts under the auspices of the section of research and evaluation. Whatever evaluation is undertaken by this group is used to supplement what is done by the inspectorate.
- K.I.E has a panel which reviews books for schools. Recommendation of the books reviewed is transmitted to the Ministry of Education Science and Technology. The approved books are either bought by the schools Equipment Scheme and sent to schools or head-teachers may be provided with the list of books to enable them to purchase them. The panel may also recommend some books to be withdrawn from Circulation and use by schools if they may find them to be undesirable. You have seen in your schools lists and circulars from the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology showing new books recommended as teachers references, pupils class text etc. the circulars may also inform the teachers if the new books will be set books for literature of fasihi ya kiswahili, etc.
c. Role of the Kenya National Examinations Council
Instructional evaluation will reveal to us a lot of what goes on in various classrooms and what actually happens in different schools. End o year examinations (National Examinations) have been used for many years as a yardstick to measure the achievement of curriculum objectives. The role of the Kenya National Examination Council is to facilitate the setting, moderating, marking and grading of all national examinations for various levels of education in this country. In particular, the council is in charge of primary schools, secondary schools, Teachers colleges, Technical Training Institutions and other relevant public examinations taken in the country.