PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Can you examine some of the aims of education according to different philosophies?

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CHAPTER  THREE

CATEGORIES OF PHILOSOPHIES

3a ii). Define the Aims of education according to different philosophies:

3.5 Philosophy and Targets Education.

Statements of aims, goals and objectives are not created in a vacuum. Philosophy influences or determines the aims goals and objectives of education of a country’s system of education. The philosophy advocated by a country influence the aims, goals and objectives of education.

Aims of education according to different philosophies:

(a)   Aims of Education according to Idealism

Some of the aims of education which are recommended by idealism are:

  • Self – realization.
  • Spiritual development.
  • Cultivation of moral values.
  • Preparation for a holy life.

(b) Aims of Education according to Naturalism

Some of the aims of education which are recommended by naturalism  are:

  • Self – expression.
  • Self – preservation. Education should acquaint an individual with the laws of health as a way of preserving himself.
  • Development of individuality.
  • Education according to the nature of the child.

(c) Aims of Education according to Pragmatism.

    Some of the aims of education which are recommended by pragmatism are:

    • All round development of a child.
    • Continuous reconstruction of experiences.
    • To produce socially efficient persons.
    • Continuous growth.
    • Personal and social adjustment.
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