PHILOSOPHERS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO ECDE (Early Childhood Development Education)
5a ii). Describe some of the existent differences between Rousseau’s and Pestalozzi’s Early Childhood Education?
Differences between Rousseau’s and Pestalozzi’s ECE (Early Childhood Education)
- Rousseau’s never advocated for infant’s education while Pestalozzi did.
- Rousseau advocated for complete freedom of the child while Pestalozzi advocated for controlled or limited freedom of the child.
- Rousseau was against books while Pestalozzi advocated for the use of books.
- Pestalozzi advocated for human interference in the education of children while Rousseau did not. Rousseau advocated a return to nature and an approach to educating children called naturalism. To Rousseau, naturalism meant abandoning society’s artificiality and pretentiousness. A naturalistic education permits growth of the child without undue interference or restrictions.
- Rousseau believed that the child should be trained or disciplined by nature while Pestalozzi did not trust nature because nature failed to train his child to speak. By the age of twelve, his child could not speak.
- Pestalozzi believed the role of adults was important in the education of children while Rousseau did not believe that the role of adults was important.