CATEGORIES OF PHILOSOPHIES
3b ii). Discuss how philosophy impacts discipline in the teaching-learning environment
3.9 Philosophy and discipline.
Philosophy determines the nature and form of discipline.
(a)Idealism and Discipline.
Idealism recommends the following forms of discipline:
- Restricted freedom to the child. Idealist belief that their can not be spiritual development without discipline.
- Importance of inner discipline. According to idealism the outer discipline leads to inner discipline.
- Importance of adult discipline. According to idealism adults should discipline children because it helps children to develop self- discipline.
- Beliefs adults should discipline children and set rules and regulations to be followed by children.
(b) Naturalism and discipline
Naturalism recommends the following forms of discipline:
- Unrestricted freedom to the child.
- External discipline is not recommended.
- Adults should not set standards or rules and regulations for children.
- Beliefs in discipline by natural consequences. Nature gives the consequences of the activity in the form of pleasure or pain.
(c) Pragmatism and discipline
Pragmatism recommends the following forms of discipline:
- Social discipline. Advocates social discipline based on the child’s interests, activities and sense of responsibility.
- Individual or self- discipline. Families and schools should provide situations and experiences to develop individual or self – discipline.