PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the Concept and Meaning of socialization?



10 a i). Examine the concept and Meaning of socialization

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Lesson Objectives

       By the end of the lecture you should be able to:

  • Define socialization.
  • State the factors that influence socialization
  • Explain the role of family in socialization of children
  • Describe the concept of the child from the African context
  • Explain the relationship between society and education.


10.3 Meaning of socialization

What is socialization?

  • It is the process by which an individual is adapted to his social environment and becomes a recognized, cooperating and efficient member of society.
  • It is the process by which children learn the ways of their society and make the ways part of their personality.
  • It is the process by which an individual learns the behaviours, values and expectations of others that enable him to play his/her roles in society.

Thus socialization is the process of preparing a child to fit in his family, community and society by giving the child the right education (knowledge, skills and attitudes).

10.4 Factors that influence socialization

  • A good family. A family which is progressive.
  • Good neighborhood. Neighbors interact.
  • Peer groups. Bad company corrupts.
  • School.
  • Curriculum.
  • A society with good values and norms.
  • Religion.

Factors that hinder socialization

  • Bad family. Resist change. The family environment does not facilitate growth and development.
  • Bad environment or surroundings.


10.5 Role of teachers in socialization of children

  • Model for children.
  • Understand the culture of the child.
  • Partnership. Parents and teachers should work together.
  • Provide group activities.
  • Provide environment which promotes socialization

10.6 Role of parents in socialization of children

  • Work with teachers of their children.
  • Attend parent teachers meetings.
  • School visit to talk to teachers of their children
  • Living models.
  • Interact with their children.
  • Provide enough materials

10.7 The concept of the child from the African context

     A child is a person below 18 years old. How children were perceived and   

     treated in the African traditional Society

  • Children were highly valued.
  • Children were at the center of the African traditional society.
  • Newborn babies gave parents a new status.
  • Continued family linage.
  • Children were a source of labour.
  • Provided security to parents at an old age.
  • Girls were a source of wealth after marriage.
  • Children bounded parents.


10.8  Relationships between society and education.

  • Society determines the aims and goals of education while education empowers people to achieve the aims and goals of education.
  • Society determines what is worth living while education prepares people to live that life.
  • Society determines the values to be pursued in life while education inculcates the values.
  • Society determines the acceptable culture while education preserves and transmits the culture.


10.9 Summary

10.10  Suggestions for further reading


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