10 a i). Examine the concept and Meaning of socialization
10.2 Lesson Objectives
By the end of the lecture you should be able to:
- Define socialization.
- State the factors that influence socialization
- Explain the role of family in socialization of children
- Describe the concept of the child from the African context
- Explain the relationship between society and education.
10.3 Meaning of socialization
What is socialization?
- It is the process by which an individual is adapted to his social environment and becomes a recognized, cooperating and efficient member of society.
- It is the process by which children learn the ways of their society and make the ways part of their personality.
- It is the process by which an individual learns the behaviours, values and expectations of others that enable him to play his/her roles in society.
Thus socialization is the process of preparing a child to fit in his family, community and society by giving the child the right education (knowledge, skills and attitudes).
10.4 Factors that influence socialization
- A good family. A family which is progressive.
- Good neighborhood. Neighbors interact.
- Peer groups. Bad company corrupts.
- A society with good values and norms.
Factors that hinder socialization
- Bad family. Resist change. The family environment does not facilitate growth and development.
- Bad environment or surroundings.
10.5 Role of teachers in socialization of children
- Model for children.
- Understand the culture of the child.
- Partnership. Parents and teachers should work together.
- Provide group activities.
- Provide environment which promotes socialization
10.6 Role of parents in socialization of children
- Work with teachers of their children.
- Attend parent teachers meetings.
- School visit to talk to teachers of their children
- Living models.
- Interact with their children.
- Provide enough materials
10.7 The concept of the child from the African context
A child is a person below 18 years old. How children were perceived and
treated in the African traditional Society
- Children were highly valued.
- Children were at the center of the African traditional society.
- Newborn babies gave parents a new status.
- Continued family linage.
- Children were a source of labour.
- Provided security to parents at an old age.
- Girls were a source of wealth after marriage.
- Children bounded parents.
10.8 Relationships between society and education.
- Society determines the aims and goals of education while education empowers people to achieve the aims and goals of education.
- Society determines what is worth living while education prepares people to live that life.
- Society determines the values to be pursued in life while education inculcates the values.
- Society determines the acceptable culture while education preserves and transmits the culture.
10.10 Suggestions for further reading