1.1 Phonology of English: How do you pronounce English Consonants and Vowels?



Chapter I

THE PHONEMES OF ENGLISH

1.1 Examine the phenomenon that is the articulation of English Consonants and vowels.

The Articulation Of The English Consonants

The English consonants are classified in terms of:

i). Manner of articulation (Plosive, Affricate, Nasal etc)

ii). Place of articulation (Bi-labial, Labia-dental etc)

iii). Voicing (Voiceless consonants entered on left of square, voiced consonants on right)

Bi-labial Labia-
dental
Dental Alveolar Palato-
alveolar
Palatal Velax Glottal
Plosive p b ţ π x g
Affricate t d
Nasal m n π
Lateral l
Fricate f v θ s z h
Semi-vowel w r j

The articulation of the English vowels (20)

The English vowels are classified in terms of’;

    1. Closeness/openness (according to the categorization “close”, “half- close”, half-open”, open”).
    2. Fontness/backness according to the categorization “front”, “central”, “back”).
    3. Duration (according to the categorization “long”, “short”,) A fourth dimension is not indicated directly on the diagram:
    4. Lip position (according to the categorization “rounded”, “neutral”, “spread”)

svMYbHUKLsqRuO-Pm49PGsQ
somi tongueimage
somitongue image2

Image result for LIP POSITIONING DURING VOWEL PRONUNCIATION DRAWINGSRelated imageImage result for LIP POSITIONING DURING VOWEL PRONUNCIATION DRAWINGS

ENGLISH VOWELS

 

  • Pure vowels

 

[i:] bead
[i] bid
[u:] pool
[u] pull
[:] bird
[] across
[] bed
[æ] bad
[] bud
[a:] bard
[o:] cord
[o] cod

 

  • Diphthongs

 

[] beer [u] boor
[ei] bay [ou] show
[e] bare [I] buy
[u] now
[i] boy

English Consonants

 

  • Consonant symbols with normal English values:

 

[ p, b, t, d, k, g, m, n, f, v, s, z, h, w, l, r]

 

  • Consonants symbols to be learnt:

 

[ ] shoe

[ t ] chew [ θ ] think

[ δ∍ ] leisure [ δ ] this [ j ] young [ γ ] sing

[ d ] ledger

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s