1.3 Examine the methods used to solve issues in comparative education
METHODOLOGY IN COMPARATIVE EDUCATION
The debate about methodology of comparative education has been stimulated from time to time by the need to produce valid answers and better understanding of the education systems, theory, practices and problems. One of the functions of comparative education is to help us in problem solving.
Just like other social sciences comparative education has been studied at different stages of its development with different methodologies. Beginning with simple narratives of education abroad during the travelers’ tales phase, the disciplines methodological approaches have progressively evolved into the current application of sophisticated methods of the social sciences, which are empirically based. Due to its diverse clientele, arising from its multi- disciplinary nature, comparative education has failed to develop a single universally accepted methodology of study. As a result it is currently characterized by multiplicity of debates and opinion of what method is best suitable for use. The founders of the discipline Marc Antoinne, Jullein De Paris, suggested a method of studying comparative education and since then several comparativists have suggested alternative methods of studying comparative education.
The debate about methodology of comparative education has been stimulated from time to time by the need to produce valid answers and better understanding of the education systems, theory, practices and problems. It became even more important after the World War II when comparative education became involved more in finding solution to educational problems of the contemporary era. In their efforts to advice nations, countries educational systems and institutions, have sought even more vigorous for the best method to use. The following are the methods that have been used in studying of comparative education and they tend to correspond with the particular stage of development of this discipline.
- Traditional method: a) Descriptive method b) Selective educational borrowing
- Social science methodology: a) Historical approach b) Philosophical approach c) Sociological approach
- Convectional methods a) Systematic area study b) Problem solving approach