10.1 Phonetic & Phonological Analysis: What articulations exist in the pharyngeo-laryngeal cavity?

Chapter 10

10.1 Provide an analysis of articulations in the pharyngeo-laryngeal cavity

Analysis of articulations in the pharyngeo – laryngeal cavity

 The pharyngeal articulations

Pharyngeo – the articulations in the pharynx are called the pharengeal sounds. The

pharynx is the cavity behind the mouth, from the back of the nose down to the larynx.

The pharyngeal sounds can be – oropharynx: produced right behind the mouth or

laryngopharynx, produced in the lower part of the pharynx, immediately above the

larynx. The pharyngeal walls act as articulators though they cannot form a complete

closure stricture.

– Fricatives /ħ / (occur in Arabic, Somali, Hebrew)

The sounds are articulated with a gag reflex (as if choking) that includes mild contraction of the pharynx.

Image result for articulation

The laryngeal articulations

Glottal articulations are found in the laryngeal area. They are articulated through the

constriction of the vocal cords.

The epiglottis can fold over the larynx to form a complete closure or it can constrict the vocal cords to form a close approximation. If it is a complete closure the sound produced is the glottal stop/? /. If it is close approximation the sounds produced are the two fricatives. / h and /


Nasal cavity: nasal sounds

Oral cavity: labials, dent alveolar, retroflex and palatal and velar and uvular sound.

Pharyngeo – laryngeal: pharyngeal and glottal sounds.




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