10.1 Provide an analysis of articulations in the pharyngeo-laryngeal cavity
Analysis of articulations in the pharyngeo – laryngeal cavity
The pharyngeal articulations
Pharyngeo – the articulations in the pharynx are called the pharengeal sounds. The
pharynx is the cavity behind the mouth, from the back of the nose down to the larynx.
The pharyngeal sounds can be – oropharynx: produced right behind the mouth or
laryngopharynx, produced in the lower part of the pharynx, immediately above the
larynx. The pharyngeal walls act as articulators though they cannot form a complete
– Fricatives /ħ / (occur in Arabic, Somali, Hebrew)
The sounds are articulated with a gag reflex (as if choking) that includes mild contraction of the pharynx.
The laryngeal articulations
Glottal articulations are found in the laryngeal area. They are articulated through the
constriction of the vocal cords.
The epiglottis can fold over the larynx to form a complete closure or it can constrict the vocal cords to form a close approximation. If it is a complete closure the sound produced is the glottal stop/? /. If it is close approximation the sounds produced are the two fricatives. / h and /
Nasal cavity: nasal sounds
Oral cavity: labials, dent alveolar, retroflex and palatal and velar and uvular sound.
Pharyngeo – laryngeal: pharyngeal and glottal sounds.