9.1 Phonetic & Phonological Analysis: Can you highlight the various articulations that exist in the oral cavity?

Chapter 9

9.1 Highlight the various articulations that exist in the oral cavity

Analysis of articulations in the oral cavity

1. Labial articulations

Bilabial

The two lips are involved e.g. /p, b/

 

 Labio dental

The lower lip and the upper teeth are involved e.g. / f, v/

 

2. Dent-alveolar articulations

 Dental

/ð, θ/ articulated by the tip or the blade of the tongue against the back of the upper front teeth.

Alveolar

The tip/ blade of the tongue against the alveolar ridge. E.g. /t, d/

Tip/ apex – apico

Blade – lamino

 Post alveolar

e.g. / ∫, z/

 

3. Retroflex and palatal articulations

Retroflex sounds are articulated with the sub-lamino, as the tongue slides back beyond the post-alveolar sub-zone.

It enters the pre-palatal zone.

It is almost pointing up

The under blade or sublamina makes contact with the palatal arch.

Since the tip/ apex of the tongue is virtually curled back the sound are called retroflex e.g. /t, d/.

The palatal sounds are articulated with the back (antero-dorso) part of the tongue in juxtaposition with the palatal sub-zone.

Example

/ɲ/ – nyumba (house) in Kiswahili

Related image

4. Velar and uvular articulations

Articulated with the back of the tongue (postero – dorso) against the soft palate. Velar,

for example, /k, g/ and uvular, for example, /q, /

Illustration

To articulate /q/ make a stricture for /k/ then let the tongue slip slightly further back and down.

 

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