5.4 Name some personality types
Personality Types and Temperaments
We generally talk about Type A and Type B personalities. However, it is important to note that there is also a Type AB mixed personality that is, there are some people who have a combination of both Type A and Type B personalities.
Type A Personalities
Type A is generally a hostile personality pattern that makes the person at risk of getting a heart attack. They are extremely impatient and get easily irritated. They become impatient if they find a long queue for example at the bank. They are always in a rush, hate to waste time, are very time-conscious, and become very angry when anything delays or slows them down. They are always very competitive, are workaholics and can not relax. Therefore, the main characteristics of Type A personalities are:
- Time urgency and impatience that is get frustrated while waiting in a queue, walk or talk very fast and always check what time it is
- Free-floating hostility or aggressiveness which appears as rudeness, impatience, being easily irritated or easily annoyed
- Strongly wanting to succeed
Negative effects of Type A behaviour include:
- Hypertension that is, high blood pressure is common among Type A personalities
- Heart disease where most suffer from heart attacks or diseases in their old age
- Job stress that is, they are stressed at work or find their jobs unpleasant and they are never happy with their jobs
- Social isolation because they alienate others, spend too much time on work and focus too little on relationships therefore end up socially isolated and stressed
Type B Personalities
Type B personality on the other hand describes the normal average person. People with Type B personality are usually calm, patient, relaxed, and easy-going most of the time. They also do not get easily irritated. They do not get overstressed and when they feel stressed, they are still productive rather than destructive. For example, they will not get easily annoyed if they find a long queue at the post office or at the bank. They are patient, have a relaxed pace and are not in a big hurry to do things.
Application of the information on Type A and Type B personalities
This information makes us realize that everyone is different and some people become more easily irritated than others.
Individuals working with young children should realize that Type A personalities may be inherited therefore should show more understanding and tolerance towards children displaying Type A personalities.
Individuals working with children should also realize that Type A personality characteristics may appear due to stressful things in the environment for example when children experience a stressful situation, they may display Type A personality characteristics. Parents, guardians and teachers should therefore avoid putting too much stress on young children.
Children who have Type A personalities should also be guided and counselled on how to deal with their stress and anger. This may reduce the stress and anger that they feel