11.2 Explain the meaning of evaluation
Meaning of Evaluation
Curriculum evaluation is a complex process, which is concerned with the progress towards goals and objectives of the curriculum. Evaluation is closely tied to goals and objectives as a beginning, an ending, and on ongoing process. To set appropriate goals and objectives, we need to know something about our group of children and to find out whether, the children have met the goals and objectives, we provide summative evaluation at the ends of unit; to know whether planned activities, methods, and topics are accomplishing what we want them to, we engage in ongoing (formative) evaluation.
Purposes of Curriculum Evaluation
Evaluation serves the following purposes:
- To identify the strengths and weaknesses of the curriculum before implementation and after delivery. The purpose of gathering data about the strengths and weaknesses is to allow curricularists to revise, maintain or discontinue their programmes.
- Discovering whether the curriculum as designed, developed and implemented is producing or can produce the desired results. Curriculum is effective if it matches to the children in the programme. For these reasons, evaluation is an important element in curriculum development. It is an ongoing basis, to evaluate whether the topics and activities of the curriculum are appropriate and meaningful for the children. This is can be done informally by observing the children’s engagement in activities and reviewing their comprehension of concepts. If your assessment leads you to question the aspects of the curriculum, then you will modify or change the objectives and the curriculum as needed.
- Making decisions about course improvement. When evaluation is focused on course improvement, its direct purpose is to ascertain what effects the course has and how they match with the intended effects. Evaluation focused on course improvement determines aspects of the course for which revision is desirable.
- Making decisions about individuals, teachers and learners that is, judging how good individual staff members are.
- Consistency with objectives: Evaluation should measure every objective.
- Validity: The evaluation tests should measure what they are supposed measure.
- Reliability: The measuring instruments should give the same results when administered at different times.
- Continuity: Evaluation should be a continuous process. All objectives of the curriculum should be evaluated that is, cognitive, effective and cognitive.