7.3 Discuss the concept of core curriculum in the context of the school curriculum listing its advantages and disadvantages.
Core – Curriculum
The term core is used in curriculum studies to mean that part of the school curriculum that is essential and therefore a common requirement for all students. The core curriculum contains compulsory subjects as opposed to electives. In selecting the core-subjects the specialists pay attention to the philosophy of education of a country.
Advantages of Core – Curriculum
- Emphasizes a core of social issues.
- It combines subjects matter with the relevant and challenges of the day.
- It aims to integrate learning by unifying subject matter for studying social issues and problem areas related to individual as well as society.
- It takes core of the needs and interests of the learner.
- It is social rather than cognitively oriented.
Disadvantages of Core – Curriculum
- It fails to offer significant and systematic knowledge.
- Requires broad competence and training to be able to arrange content around focus or issues.
- It requires many teachers of varied specialists of adequate curriculum guides and materials.