ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the Communication process and learning?

CHAPTER ONE Communication Process and Learning 1a i). Define the term communication and learning in relation to the teaching of Educational Technology What is this chapter about? Teaching and learning presupposes an interaction between two or more entities. One entity has the information to pass across while the second one steadies herself/himself to receive the … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the Communication process and learning?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the models of communication in teaching? What are the advantages and disadvantages of these models?

CHAPTER ONE Communication Process and Learning 1a ii). Explain what Models of Communication are; their advantages and Disadvantages. 1.4 Models of communication A model is a consciously simplified description in the graphic form of a piece of reality that seeks to show the main elements of any structure or process and the relationships between them. … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the models of communication in teaching? What are the advantages and disadvantages of these models?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the essential components of communication?

CHAPTER ONE Communication Process and Learning 1a iii).Explain the essential components of communication. 1.4.4 Essential components of communication It is possible for the sake of analysis to break down the communication process into its components but he would be largely arbitrary as in actuality the process has no discrete parts. From the above-highlighted models, various … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the essential components of communication?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the barriers to effective communication in the classroom?

CHAPTER ONE Communication process and learning 1a iv). Explain some of the barriers to effective classroom communication. 1.4.6 Barriers to effective classroom communication Broadly speaking barriers can be categorized into three namely: Psychological Physiological Physical or environmental Specifically, the barriers to effective classroom communication are: Language Age difference Content Lesson preparation Over emphasis of the … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the barriers to effective communication in the classroom?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the differnce between verbal and non-verbal communication?

CHAPTER TWO VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 2 a i). Differentiate between verbal and non-verbal communication. 2.1 What this unit is about This unit delves deeper into the concept of communication. It distinguishes verbal from nonverbal communication and makes an attempt to relate existing theories to actual classroom experiences. It looks at sources of non-verbal signs, … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the differnce between verbal and non-verbal communication?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the relationship between verbal and non-verbal communication?

CHAPTER TWO Communication process and learning 2 a ii). Explain the relationship that exists between verbal and non-verbal 2.4 Relationship between verbal and nonverbal communication The relationship between verbal and nonverbal communication revolves around four dimensions namely: Substitution relationship. This is the case where a response/reaction which could have been communicated verbally in done nonverbally. … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the relationship between verbal and non-verbal communication?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the sources of non-verbal signs?

CHAPTER TWO VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 2 a ii). Examine some of the sources of non-verbal signs 2.5 Sources of non verbal signs There are two main sources of non verbal signs namely: Inherent. These are non verbal signs one is born with for instance the blink of an eye. We are born with the … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the sources of non-verbal signs?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is Kinesics and what is its place in Educational Technology?

CHAPTER TWO VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 2a iii). Explain Kinesics and its place in Educational Technology. 2.6 Kinesics This is a study that includes movements of the body, limbs, hands head, feet and legs. It encompasses facial expressions, eye behavior, posture, and walk. A branch of Kinesics is known as proxemics and refers to the … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is Kinesics and what is its place in Educational Technology?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the types gestures used in the teaching process?

  CHAPTER TWO VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 2a iv). Examine the place of Gestures in the teaching process. 2.7 Gestures These are non-verbal behaviors. Five types of gestures are described below. Emblems or symbols. These are signs that a specific society or an identifiable group of people hold in common. Examples are national flags, school … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the types gestures used in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What bearing does emotions have on non-verbal communication?

CHAPTER TWO VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 2a v). Analyze the influence that emotions have over non-verbal communication. 2.8 Influence of emotions on non-verbal communication. Emotions directly affect the size of one’s territory and this can easily result in non-verbal responses. For instance: When a person gets upset the body becomes rigid. Nervous pupils will find … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What bearing does emotions have on non-verbal communication?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What role does time play in non-verbal communication in the teaching process?

CHAPTER TWO VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 2b i). Identify the role of time as a form of non-verbal communication in the teaching process. 2.9 Time as a variable in nonverbal communication. Punctuality is generally considered as a sign of good behavior. Persistent lateness may imply: That an individual wants to avoid something That an individual … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What role does time play in non-verbal communication in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What impact do physical characteristics bear on non-verbal communication?

  CHAPTER TWO VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 2b ii). Discuss the impact of physical characteristics on non-verbal communication 2.10 Effects of physical characteristics on non-verbal communication One’s physique, general attractiveness, body shape, height, and weight are other forms of nonverbal communication. In an interview the more attractive the interviewee the greater his/her chances of success. … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What impact do physical characteristics bear on non-verbal communication?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What impact do open and closed channels have on communication?

CHAPTER TWO VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 2b iii). Analyze the impact open and closed channels have on communication. 2.11 Open and closed channels of communication Nonverbal communication can be used to either encourage or discourage a conversation. In a class you might find some student nodding to accept the answer given by one of their … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What impact do open and closed channels have on communication?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the impact of cross cultural contexts on the use of non-verbal communication in the teaching process?

CHAPTER TWO VERBAL AND NONVERBAL COMMUNICATION 2b iv). Discuss the similarities as well as differences in the use of non-verbal communication in different cultural contexts. 2.12 Cross cultural context of nonverbal communication There are similarities as well as differences in the use of non-verbal communication as one moves from one culture to another. The following points … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the impact of cross cultural contexts on the use of non-verbal communication in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is Visual Literacy in relation to the teaching process?

CHAPTER 3 VISUAL LITERACY 3a i). Examine concept of visual literacy in relation to the teaching process. 3.3 Introduction When we think of literacy, the ability to read and write words quickly comes to mind. There are however other forms of literacy besides reading and writing words. Another form of literacy is visual literacy which … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is Visual Literacy in relation to the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How do visuals convey meaning in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 3 VISUAL LITERACY 3a ii). Explain how visuals convey meaning. 3.5 How visuals convey meaning Visuals communicate meaning more readily than the written and spoken word. This is because visuals are much more concrete and direct. Words, whether written or spoken, are arbitrary symbols they usually neither look like nor sound like the objects … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How do visuals convey meaning in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by visual literacy in teaching?

CHAPTER 3 VISUAL LITERACY 3a iii). Demonstrate the skills of visual literacy 3.6 The skills of visual literacy One is said to be visually literate if one is able to: To read visuals, referred to as the decoding skill. This is the ability to translate visual messages into verbal messages. To write visuals, referred to … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by visual literacy in teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the guidelines that a teacher ought to adhere to while selecting a picture for the teaching process?

  CHAPTER 3 VISUAL LITERACY 3a iv). Examine some of the guidelines that a teacher ought to adhere to while selecting a picture in the teaching process. 3.7 Pictures preferred by learners and their effectiveness It is important to stress that that the kinds of visuals preferred by pupils are not necessarily those from which … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the guidelines that a teacher ought to adhere to while selecting a picture for the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by the term “print media” in the context of the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4a i). Define the term print media. 4.3 Introduction and definition of print media A medium is a channel of communication. It is derived from the Latin word meaning “between.” The term refers to that which carries information between a source and a receiver. They are considered instructional media … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by the term “print media” in the context of the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are the characteristics of print media? What are the advantages and disadvantages associated with print media in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4a ii). Identify the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of print media. 4.3.1 Characteristics of print media Print media has the following characteristics They are usually on a paper surface. Note that even when printed documents can be displayed electronically by computers or projected on film, they are often also … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are the characteristics of print media? What are the advantages and disadvantages associated with print media in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the functional use of textbooks in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4a iii). State the functional use of textbooks 4.3.4. Types of written works and symbols. There are several types of written works. We shall now go ahead and discuss some of them. 4.3.4.1 Textbooks The term text refers to alphanumeric letters and characters, usually presented to students in the … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the functional use of textbooks in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the basic considerations a teacher should have when evaluating school textbooks?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4a iv). Discuss some of the basic considerations a teacher should have when evaluating school textbooks. 4.3.4.1.2 Basic Consideration in Evaluating School Textbooks. The following criteria or scheme of evaluation can be followed in selecting textbooks for use in schools: CONTENT Is the author competent Does the textbook interpret … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the basic considerations a teacher should have when evaluating school textbooks?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the relevance of encyclopedias in the teaching process?

  CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4a v). Discuss the relevance of encyclopedias in the teaching process. 4.3.4.2 Encyclopedias Encyclopedias are a set of source books that contains background information on all aspects of learning to the learners. They are very useful to the learner as a source book. They can be used to … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the relevance of encyclopedias in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the relevance of newspapers and magazines in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4b i). Discuss the relevance of newspaper and magazines in the teaching process. 4.3.4.3. Newspapers and Magazines These are a very common source of information for the general audience. They are in two types: Those published for general audience Those published for school readers They are useful in several … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the relevance of newspapers and magazines in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the role of comics in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4b ii). Discuss the role of comics in the teaching process. 4.3.4.4. Comics A comic is a form of cartooning in which the same cast of characters enacts a story in a sequence of closely related drawings designed to entertain the reader. Unlike the cartoon, the comic consists of … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the role of comics in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the role of programmed Teaching and Learning materials in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4b iii). Discuss the role of programmed Teaching and Learning materials in the teaching process. 4.3.4.5 Programmed Teaching and Learning Materials. This is a kind of instructional format where information is presented in steps, the presentation stimulus demands an active response by the learner, and the learner is either … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the role of programmed Teaching and Learning materials in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the role of programmed Teaching and Learning materials in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4b iv). Analyze the role of Teacher Prepared Handouts in the teaching process. 4.3.4.6 Teacher Prepared Handouts Handouts are normally prepared to: Present some required information Guide individual study and practice. Inform learners of objectives and evaluation procedures Handouts give additional content not found in pupils textbooks but available … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the role of programmed Teaching and Learning materials in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What does non-print media entail in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4c i). Analyze what non-print media entails in the teaching process. 4.4 NON-PRINT MEDIA This group includes audio/sound media, visual media, audio-visual media and teaching machines. Audio/sound media include radio, radio-vision, audio-cassette, discs, and telephone. Visual media include the chalkboard, live lecture, silent film, overhead projector, slides etc. Audio-visual … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What does non-print media entail in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the place of audio media in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4c ii). Analyze the place of Audio media in the teaching process. 4.4.1 Audio media Audio or sound media utilize the sense of hearing. This is a very powerful sense as it accounts for 83%of what we learn. It is also known that we retain a substantial percentage of … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the place of audio media in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are the various types of audio media and how do they impact the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4c iii). Analyze the various types of audio media there advantages and disadvantages and how they impact the overall teaching process. 4.4.1.1 Radio A facility to produce radio program materials commonly known as a studio must at the minimum have a mixer console, microphones for presenters, record/disc playing desks … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are the various types of audio media and how do they impact the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How can a teacher use the Chalkboard effectively in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4c iv). Explain the effective use of the Chalkboard in the teaching process 4.4.2.1 Chalkboard This is the most common and widely used type of display media in school. It can be used to give key words, outlines, lists, diagrams, graphs, and sketches. For effective use of the chalkboard … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How can a teacher use the Chalkboard effectively in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the place of Overhead projectors and transparencies in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4c v). Examine the place of Overhead projectors and transparencies in the teaching process. 4.4.2.2 Overhead projector and transparencies Overhead transparencies may be created from clear acetate, photographic film, or any of a number of other transparent materials capable of being imprinted with an image. The materials range from … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the place of Overhead projectors and transparencies in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the role of audiovisual media in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4d i). Examine the role of audiovisual media in the teaching process. 4.4.3 Audio visual media However, there are those materials and combine both sound and vision. They are more useful in teaching and learning as they appeal to both the senses of hearing and sight. They include the … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the role of audiovisual media in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How can the television be used as a means of teaching in the classroom in today’s society?

CHAPTER 4 PRINT AND NON-PRINT MEDIA 4d ii). Analyze the television as a means of teaching in today’s society. 4.5 Television Television refers to live broadcasts while video refers to images captured on tape or disc. Television can come in several formats. Formats include open circuit television, closed circuit television (CCTV), cable television, one-way and … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How can the television be used as a means of teaching in the classroom in today’s society?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How does systematic planning impact the teaching process?

CHAPTER  5 SYSTEMATIC PLANNING FOR THE USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA 5a i). Analyze the way systematic planning impacts the teaching process 5.1 What this chapter is about The teacher needs to plan in advance the use of media in teaching. There are various steps that one must go through in order to use instructional media … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How does systematic planning impact the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How are models used in systematic planning for media use?

  CHAPTER  5 SYSTEMATIC PLANNING FOR THE USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA 5a ii). Discuss on the use of models in systematic planning for media use. 5.4 Models to use in systematic planning for media use Various models can be used to explain the approaches to use. These include:     The process starts by determining … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How are models used in systematic planning for media use?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you analyze the ASSURE Model?

CHAPTER  5 SYSTEMATIC PLANNING FOR THE USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA 5a iii). Discuss the use of the ASSURE Model in the teaching practice. 5.4.2 Model 2: The ASSURE model The ASSURE model is a procedural guide for planning and delivering instruction that integrates technologies and media into the teaching process. The model is a well-known … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you analyze the ASSURE Model?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is broadcasting in relation to the teaching process?

CHAPTER 6  EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING 6a i). Examine broadcasting in the context of the teaching process 6.1 What this chapter is about This unit tries to give a historical overview of educational broadcasting, the broad purposes of broadcasting and discusses some of the teaching qualities of radio (audio)and television when used in classroom teaching. The unit … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is broadcasting in relation to the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How did broadcasting historically develop?

CHAPTER 6  EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING 6a ii). Examine the historical development of broadcasting 6.4 Historical development of broadcasting The idea of passing messages through wireless apparatus was mooted around the 1890’s. however, the breakthrough was made by an American Reginald Fessenden on December 24, 1906, when his station in Massachusetts (USA) transmitted voice and music over … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How did broadcasting historically develop?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the purposes of broadcasting?

CHAPTER 6  EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING 6a iii). Identify the various purposes of broadcasting 6.5 Purposes of broadcasts Generally, there is no one particular best medium for instructional purpose. However, radio and television receive a high rating. Both media can be used for training purposes, for practical instruction in agriculture and health, for talks on national policies … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the purposes of broadcasting?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the characteristics of radio broadcasts in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 6  EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING 6a iv). Expound on some of the teaching qualities of  radio broadcasts 6.6 Teaching qualities of radio Educational broadcasts have both strengths and weaknesses. The classroom teacher should bear in mind these strengths and weaknesses as s/he plans for instruction and especially in selecting the media to support the teaching. Sometimes … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the characteristics of radio broadcasts in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the limitations of using live radio broadcasts in teaching?

CHAPTER 6  EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING 6a v).Analyze some of the limitations of using live radio broadcasts in teaching. 6.7 Limitations of live radio broadcasts. As mentioned earlier in this unit every medium has strengths and weaknesses and it is therefore incumbent on the teacher to take this into account every time s/he selects media to use … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the limitations of using live radio broadcasts in teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the solutions to the limitations of using live radio broadcasts in teaching?

CHAPTER 6  EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING 6a vi).Analyze some of the solutions to the limitations of using live radio broadcasts in teaching. 6.8 Solutions to Some of the Limitations. Most of the limitations discussed above can be overcome by the use of recording s instead of using the “live” transmissions. The teacher must decide well in advance … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the solutions to the limitations of using live radio broadcasts in teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How can a teacher handle a broadcast lesson?

  CHAPTER 6  EDUCATIONAL BROADCASTING 6b i). Identify how best a teacher can handle a broadcast lesson to ensure maximum gain for his/her students. 6.9 How to Handle A Broadcast Lesson. The teacher should well in advance go through and understand the teacher’s’ notes on the series s/he intends to use. At this state, an … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How can a teacher handle a broadcast lesson?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are the physical or spatial considerations one ought to have in the setting up of a Learning Resource Centre?

CHAPTER 8 MANAGEMENT OF THE LEARNING RESOURCE CENTRES 8a v). Examine the physical and spatial considerations one ought to have in the setting up of a Learning Resource Centre 8.6.2 Physical or space provision When setting up an LRC consideration should be given to the provision of spaces for: Periodicals/journals room which current copies are … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are the physical or spatial considerations one ought to have in the setting up of a Learning Resource Centre?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are community learning resources in relation to the teaching process?

  CHAPTER 7  COMMUNITY LEARNING RESOURCES 7a i). Examine what community learning resources are in relation to the teaching process. 7.3 Definition Community resources (CR) refer to people, places, objects and activities in the environment of the classroom which can be used by teachers and learners to promote learning. CR may be collected and brought into the … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are community learning resources in relation to the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the sources of community learning resources in teaching?

CHAPTER 7  COMMUNITY LEARNING RESOURCES 7a ii). State the sources of community learning resources. 7.5 Sources of community resources Digolo (1986: a study of the utilization of community resources by primary schools in Kenya to provide relevant education. PhD Thesis) identified seven sources of teaching materials. The sources of community resources as given by respondents … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the sources of community learning resources in teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the factors that hinder the use of community learning resources in teaching?

CHAPTER 7  COMMUNITY LEARNING RESOURCES 7a iii). State some of the factors that hinder the use of community learning resources. 7.6 Factors that hamper the use of community resources Digolo has identified factors that hamper the use of community resources. Again from the responses the factor s appeared in the below order of importance Lack of funds … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the factors that hinder the use of community learning resources in teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the categories of community learning resources in teaching?

CHAPTER 7  COMMUNITY LEARNING RESOURCES 7a iv). State some of the categories of community learning resources. 7.7 Categories of community resources Community resources existing in the vicinity of the school can be classified in 12 specific categories. They can be classified in terms of those pertaining to: Physical setting and world of nature Historical aspect Homelife … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the categories of community learning resources in teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the guidelines for proper utilization of community learning resources in teaching?

CHAPTER 7  COMMUNITY LEARNING RESOURCES 7a v). Name some of the guidelines for proper utilization of community learning resources. 7.8 Guidelines for proper utilization of community resources. Digolo (1986) found that Kenyan primary schools had no guidelines to be followed by the teachers in selecting suitable community resources to be used for instruction. He also found … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the guidelines for proper utilization of community learning resources in teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using community resources?

CHAPTER 7  COMMUNITY LEARNING RESOURCES 7b i). Name some of the advantage and disadvantages of using community learning resources. 7.9 Advantages of using community resources The uses of community resources are several. The important advantages are:- The use of community resources localizes the instruction and enables the teacher use pupil experiences to give relevant education. The … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using community resources?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the responsibilities of the teacher in interpretation for field study?

CHAPTER 7  COMMUNITY LEARNING RESOURCES 7b ii). Identify some of the responsibilities of the teacher in interpretation for field study? 7.11 Responsibilities of the teacher interpretation for field study The classroom teacher has a vital role to play in ensuring that community resources are put into effective use to provide relevant education. In particular, the … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the responsibilities of the teacher in interpretation for field study?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by a Learning Resource Centre?

CHAPTER 8 MANAGEMENT OF THE LEARNING RESOURCE CENTRES 8a i). Analyze the concept of a learning resource center. 8.3 Introduction and Definitions A Learning Resource center is invariably referred to as Educational Media Centre, Multi Media Centre, Instructional Materials Centre, or Teachers Advisory Centre. It is a well-planned area housing materials and equipment for instructional … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by a Learning Resource Centre?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the rationale of setting up a Learning Resource Centre (LRC)?

CHAPTER 8 MANAGEMENT OF THE LEARNING RESOURCE CENTRES 8a ii). Explain the rationale for setting up a Learning Resource Centre (LRC) 8.4 Rationale for setting up a Learning Resource Centre A learning resource centre is generated from the recognition of three facts: Learning takes place through a variety of channels or avenues. Some ideas cannot … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is the rationale of setting up a Learning Resource Centre (LRC)?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the functions of a Learning Resource Centre?

CHAPTER 8 MANAGEMENT OF THE LEARNING RESOURCE CENTRES 8a iii). Give the functions of a Learning Resource Centre. 8.5 Functions of a Learning Resource Centre A learning Resource Centre serves the following functions: As a depository for special materials which aid the teacher to represent better their subject areas and to take care of the wide … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the functions of a Learning Resource Centre?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Are you able to analyze the organization and management of a Learning Resource Centre in teaching?

CHAPTER 8 MANAGEMENT OF THE LEARNING RESOURCE CENTRES 8a iv). Give an analysis of the Organization and Management of a Learning Resource Centre. 8.6 Organization and management of the Learning Resource Center The organization and management of the LRC are best discussed under three areas namely personnel, physical or space provision, and material requirements. 8.6.1 … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Are you able to analyze the organization and management of a Learning Resource Centre in teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the problems that face a Learning Resource Centre?

CHAPTER 8 MANAGEMENT OF THE LEARNING RESOURCE CENTRES 8 b i). Highlight some of the problems facing the LRC. 8.7 Problems facing the LRC Various problems face the LRC and hinder its use for effective use in enriching instruction. Some of these include: Availability of personnel of the right caliber. Currently, there are very few … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the problems that face a Learning Resource Centre?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the helpful guidelines in the effective managment of the Learning Resource Centre?

CHAPTER 8 MANAGEMENT OF THE LEARNING RESOURCE CENTRES 8 b ii). Highlight some of the helpful guidelines in the effective management of a Learning Resource Centre. 8.8 Helpful guides in the effective management of the LRC To manage the LRC effectively, it is important for the school to: Know the cost of various items in … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the helpful guidelines in the effective managment of the Learning Resource Centre?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by distance education in the context of teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9a i). Define the term “distance education” 9.3 Introduction and definition of distance education Distance education has existed for more than a century. There are many definitions of distance education as there are experts in distance education. Operationally we can look at distance education as “The teaching and learning process in … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by distance education in the context of teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by distance education?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9a ii). Examine the various forms of distance education. 9.4 Forms of distance education There are various forms of distance education. It is worth noting on the outset that an effective distance education program should be a good mixture of the forms. The first form of distance education is correspondence education. … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What do we mean by distance education?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the characteristics of distance education in teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9a iii). Identify some of the characteristics of distance education. 9.5 Characteristics of distance education Distance education has the following characteristics: At the first characteristic is that there is physical separation between teachers and students in times and space. This should be looked at with the background that it is generally … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the characteristics of distance education in teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the philosophies that govern distance education?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9a iv). Identify some of the philosophies that govern distance education. 9.6 Philosophy of distance education The philosophy behind distance education system revolves around several issues. Firstly there is an emphasis on individual study and independence of students. This mode of education is obliged to assume that its students are self-regulated, … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the philosophies that govern distance education?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the advantages of distance education in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9a v). Discuss the benefits of distance education in the teaching process. 9.7 Advantages of distance education Distance education has several advantages. In this section we shall discuss the following advantages: First, distance education is useful where there is political or to her pressures to expand education (Tony Dodds: 6). There … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the advantages of distance education in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Who are some of the personnel used for distance education in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9b i). Analyze some of the personnel used for distance education in the teaching process. 9.8 Personnel for distance education A well set up distance education program requires the services of various cadres of staff we should expect the distance education program to utilize the services of personnel such as: The … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Who are some of the personnel used for distance education in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the problematic issues facing distance education?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9b ii). Discuss some of the problems facing distance education. 9.9 Problems constraints facing distance education. Most of the problems are experienced by students, the most important of which are discussed hereunder. The first problem faced by distance education students is that of isolation (Tony Dodds p.10). Contact with other students … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the problematic issues facing distance education?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the methods used in distance education?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9b iii). Examine some of the methods used in distance education. 9.10 Methods of teaching at a distance Most distance education systems employ several methods of teaching. As mentioned early it is prudent for an institution teaching students at a distance to employ the multimedia approach. The most prominent method used … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the methods used in distance education?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is Micro (Peer) Teaching? What is its place in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9b iv). Examine the concept of Micro teaching. MICRO (PEER) TEACHING WHAT IS MICRO (PEER)-TEACHING? It is a scaled down version of actual teaching in which the teacher trainee teaches for about 5-8 minutes concentrating on only one skill It involves teaching one’s peer/colleagues It is designed to improve teaching skills … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What is Micro (Peer) Teaching? What is its place in the teaching process?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the objectives and procedures to be followed during micro (peer)- teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9b v). Outline the general objectives and procedures to be followed during micro-teaching GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF MICRO (PEER)-TEACHING Micro (peer)-teaching alms at achieving the following objectives: Preparation of student-teachers for the actual teaching practice Reduction of the complexity of the teaching task by allowing student-teachers to concentrate on the practice of … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the objectives and procedures to be followed during micro (peer)- teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the micro (peer)-teaching skills and what are some of the challenges faced by training institutions?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9c i). Outline the micro(peer)-teaching skills and some of the challenges faced by training institutions THE MICRO(PEER)-TEACHING SKILLS The following skills to be practiced Lecturing Questioning and reinforcement Set induction and stimulus variation Small group work and use of examples Integration of the skills CHALLENGES FACED BY TRAINING INSTITUTIONS Increasing enrollment … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the micro (peer)-teaching skills and what are some of the challenges faced by training institutions?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you examine the lecture method as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9c ii). Examine the lecture method as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching SKILL 1: LECTURING This the process of transmitting knowledge verbally. There are two forms of lecturing namely formal and informal. A found lecturer is purely verbal and communication is basically one way from the teacher to the pupils interrupting … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you examine the lecture method as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How can a teacher evaluate the efficacy of the lecture skill in micro-teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9c iii). Explain how can a teacher evaluate the efficacy of the lecture skill in micro-teaching? Evaluation guide of the lecture skill The following are suggested guidelines are evaluating the lecture skill: Did the lesson start on an interesting note that attracted the pupils and captured their attention? Did the teacher … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: How can a teacher evaluate the efficacy of the lecture skill in micro-teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you examine the Questioning and Reinforcment method as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9c iv). Explain how can a teacher evaluate the efficacy of the lecture skill in micro-teaching? SKILL 2: QUESTIONING AND REINFORCEMENT QUESTIONING Introduction Teachers rely heavily on question asking as a major part of their teaching repertoire. It is one of the most versatile and most readily available techniques to the … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you examine the Questioning and Reinforcment method as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the procedures of asking questions and what are the relevant guidelines in micro-teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9c v).Examine some of the procedures of asking questions and the relevant guidelines in micro-teaching Procedure of asking questions State the question Pause, allow time for pupils to consider the question and think about the answer Call on a name of the pupils to attempt the question Listen to the answer … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the procedures of asking questions and what are the relevant guidelines in micro-teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you examine Set Induction and Stimulus Variation as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching?

  CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION SKILL 3: SET INDUCTION AND STIMULUS VARIATION 9d i).Examine Set Induction and Stimulus Variation as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching. SET INDUCTION This is a technique used by a teacher to attract the attention of all the learners and arouse their interest… Induction means initiation of knowledge to a beginner … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you examine Set Induction and Stimulus Variation as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the componenets and guiding principles of stimulus variation?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9d ii). State the components and guiding principles of stimulus variation Components of stimulus variation Teacher movement. A static teacher bores the learners while an erratic mover can irritate and interrupt them. Measured steps cause attention to the focused on the teacher directly Focusing. In order to direct the pupils’ attention … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the componenets and guiding principles of stimulus variation?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you analyze Small Group Work and Use of Examples as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9d iii).Analyze the use of Small Group Work and Use of Examples as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching. SKILL 4: SMALL GROUP WORK AND USE OF EXAMPLES This is a method that involves a cooperative effort by learners to perform a learning task. The nature of the problem of the learning … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you analyze Small Group Work and Use of Examples as a skill in micro (peer)-teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the benefits and pitfalls of the use of group work in micro(peer)-teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9d iv). State the advantages and disadvantages of using group work in micro-teaching Advantages of group work Improve understanding through sharing of ideas Stimulates self-expression, listening, and reasoning Can lead to development and emergence of leader Sharing of ideas when there are limited resources Development of interest due to practical involvement … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: What are some of the benefits and pitfalls of the use of group work in micro(peer)-teaching?

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Are you able to analyze the use of examples as a teaching skill in micro-teaching

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9e i). Analyze the use of examples as a teaching skill in micro-teaching USE OF EXAMPLES AS A TEACHING SKILL I). OBJECTIVES to lead pupils from simple to complex concepts to make difficult ideas easy to understand to clarify rules, principles, or concepts to test understanding of concepts/ rules to enliven a … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Are you able to analyze the use of examples as a teaching skill in micro-teaching

ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you examine the use of audio production in micro(peer)-teaching?

CHAPTER 9 DISTANCE EDUCATION 9e ii). Examine the use of audio production in micro(peer)-teaching MEDIA PRACTICALS TOPIC: AUDIO PRODUCTION The process of producing audio recording can be discussed under three major stages: planning script writing presentation/recording Planning The planning selection of topics to make up the series. a series of topics for a particular class … More ECT 300 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Can you examine the use of audio production in micro(peer)-teaching?