Educational Psychology: What is Educational Psychology?

Chapter One Meaning And Relevance Of Educational Psychology 1a i). Define the term Educational Psychology 1.0   Definition Of Educational Psychology. What is Educational Psychology? We cannot define Educational Psychology without knowing what psychology is. Psychology is defined as the scientific discipline that studies animal and human behavior and mental process. As a science psychology is … More Educational Psychology: What is Educational Psychology?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the areas commonly used areas of Educational Psychology in the teaching process?

Chapter One Meaning And Relevance Of Educational Psychology 1a ii). Analyze some of the areas of Educational Psychology particular significant in the teaching process.  The concerns of Educational Psychology Educational Psychology is concerned with the learning situation. The learning situation involves group dynamics as they operate to affect learning. Educational Psychology is concerned with the … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the areas commonly used areas of Educational Psychology in the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: What relevance does educational psychology bring to the teaching process?

1a iii). Explain the relevance of educational psychology in the teaching process. Relevance of Education Psychology The issue of relevance of Educational Psychology to the teacher is of great importance. The relevance emanates from the fact that teachers in the schools do not teach Educational Psychology. They teach other disciplines. For example English language, Mathematics, … More Educational Psychology: What relevance does educational psychology bring to the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term pre-scientific methods? What bearing do they have on the teaching process?

Chapter One Meaning And Relevance Of Educational Psychology 1a iv). Examine the use of pre-scientific methods in the teaching process. 1.0.1  The pre-scientific methods teachers use. Pre-scientific methods are those that are not founded in any scientific research or theory. These are methods that have not been tested for their applicability or validity. When the … More Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term pre-scientific methods? What bearing do they have on the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: Can you give an in-depth appraisal of the pre-scientific method?

Chapter One Meaning And Relevance Of Educational Psychology 1a v).Give an in-depth appraisal of the pre-scientific approach in teaching. 1.0.1  An Appraisal of the pre-scientific approach A lot can be said about the negative effects of using the pre-scientific approach to teaching. However, we need to note that these methods may not be entirely wrong. … More Educational Psychology: Can you give an in-depth appraisal of the pre-scientific method?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the focus areas of Educational psychology?

2a i).Give an analysis of some of the focus areas of educational psychology. Focus areas of Educational Psychology What the focus areas of Educational Psychology? The focus area can also be referred to as the elements of teaching-learning situation. They are: The subject matter The Learner The learning process The learning environment The social climate … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the focus areas of Educational psychology?

Educational Psychology:What relevace does Learning have in Today’s society?

  2a ii). Examine the Relevance of Learning in Today’s society. The Relevance of Learning  This is a question of why we should be concerned about learning. When we hear about learning most of us think about studying and school. We think about subjects, for example, mathematics, languages, geography, history, biology and so on. But … More Educational Psychology:What relevace does Learning have in Today’s society?

Educational Psychology: What is learning? What are the various types of learning?

2a iii). Define the term learning. Explain the various types of Learning. Definition of the term learning What is learning? The behaviorists define learning as an enduring change in behavior potentiality, which occurs as a result of reinforced practice. Cognitive psychologists define learning as the mental activity by means of which knowledge, skills, habits, attitudes, … More Educational Psychology: What is learning? What are the various types of learning?

Educational Psychology: What is classical conditioning and what impact does it have on the teaching process?

2a iv).Analyze the concept of classical conditioning in teaching Classical conditioning Classical conditioning is also referred to as respondent learning. It is a simple form of learning through associations. Normally people tend to associate events that occur together in time and place. These events are said to be contiguous because the appearance of one indicates … More Educational Psychology: What is classical conditioning and what impact does it have on the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: What are the principles of classical conditioning?

2 b i). Explain the principles of classical conditioning Principles of classical conditioning The principle of reinforcement When the dog is put in the experimental situation and the tone is sounded and then food is given this constitutes reinforcement. The food is a pleasant event presented to the dog and it constitutes positive reinforcement The … More Educational Psychology: What are the principles of classical conditioning?

Educational Psychology: What is the essence of the application of classical conditioning to the teaching-learning process?

2b ii).  Explain the application of classical conditioning to the teaching-learning process today Application of classical conditioning to the teaching-learning process In this section, I have looked at the aspects of classical conditioning, which are applicable in the classroom setting. The aspects are the following: The learning environment From classical conditioning, we learn that it … More Educational Psychology: What is the essence of the application of classical conditioning to the teaching-learning process?

Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term “operant conditioning” in realtion to the teaching process?

2b iii).  Explain the concept of operant conditioning as per the teaching process Operant Conditioning Operant conditioning is the second type of simple learning through association. There are differences between learning through classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Operant learning is a little more complex than classical conditioning. Its complexity is observed in the following ways: … More Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term “operant conditioning” in realtion to the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: How is operant conditioning applied in the teaching- learning dynamic today?

  2b iv).  Explain the application of operant conditioning in the teaching-learning situation. Application of operant conditioning in the teaching-learning situation In operant conditioning, reinforcement is a key element in learning. The principle is that reinforcement strengthens behavior and makes it more probable. This means that reinforced behavior has the chance of occurring again and … More Educational Psychology: How is operant conditioning applied in the teaching- learning dynamic today?

Educational Psychology: What does the Social Learning Theory entail? How is it applied in the teaching process?

  2c i). Identify the place of the Social Learning Theory in today’s classroom. Social Learning Theory This type of learning is also referred to as observational learning. The theory is based on the belief that people acquire knowledge, belief, attitudes, and values through observing others in their social world, (Atkinson, 1990). Children observe their … More Educational Psychology: What does the Social Learning Theory entail? How is it applied in the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: What does the term “Insightful Learning” mean and what bearing does it have on the teaching-learning process?

2c ii). Examine the usefulness of the Insightful Learning in today’s teaching environment. Insightful Learning This type of learning is also referred to as field learning. It is a cognitive type of learning which focuses on the use of mental process like thinking, perception, and insight in the solution of the problems confronting the learner. This … More Educational Psychology: What does the term “Insightful Learning” mean and what bearing does it have on the teaching-learning process?

Educational Psychology: Does the Information process system have a role to play in the teaching process?

2c iii). Identify the role of Information process system in teaching Information process system The information processing system deals with the ability of the human mind to take in information (encode). Store it by maintaining it in memory and the ability to retrieve or recover information from memory. There are a number of theories of … More Educational Psychology: Does the Information process system have a role to play in the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: Why do students forget the content they learn?

CHAPTER THREE REMEMBERING AND FORGETTING 3a i). Explain the various reasons why students forget the content they learn. Introduction The classroom experiences show that learners forget the information they acquire or learn. The teacher is a witness that the majority of learners in most of the tests taken hardly ever get full marks. The explanation … More Educational Psychology: Why do students forget the content they learn?

Educational Psychology: What is the place of the Behavioristic theory in classrooms today?

CHAPTER THREE REMEMBERING AND FORGETTING 3a ii). Examine the place of the behavioristic theory in classrooms today The Behavioristic theory The behaviorists developed the following explanations: The disuse model and the interference model The Disuse Theory This theory submits that people forget the S-R connections or associations made previously because they grow rusty or fade … More Educational Psychology: What is the place of the Behavioristic theory in classrooms today?

Educational Psychology: Can you explain the Cognitive Theory? How can it be used ot improve learners’ memory?

CHAPTER THREE REMEMBERING AND FORGETTING 3a iii). Explain the cognitive theory and how it can be used to improve learner’s memory Cognitive Explanation According to the cognitive theory. The key to memory is the way in which the material is coded and organized as it is stored in the long-term memory bank. Something important happens … More Educational Psychology: Can you explain the Cognitive Theory? How can it be used ot improve learners’ memory?

Educational Psychology: Which methods can a learner put in place in order to improve his memory?

CHAPTER THREE REMEMBERING AND FORGETTING 3a iv. Analyze the different ways learners can employ to improve their memory. Improving Memory In this section, I have discussed a few methods that learners can use in order to improve their memory. Increasing attention As we have noted above attention refers to focusing on information and registering it, … More Educational Psychology: Which methods can a learner put in place in order to improve his memory?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the factors that Influence Learning?

Chapter Four Factors that Influence Learning 4a i).State some of the Factors that influence learning. Introduction The learning-teaching process is a highly complex one. The complexity arises due to the fact that many variables interact with each other to enhance or hinder learning. This lesson examines these factors as they operate inside and outside the … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the factors that Influence Learning?

Educational Psychology: What role does the Learning Environment play in influencing learning in today’s teaching environment?

Chapter Four Factors that Influence Learning 4 a iii). Evaluate the role that the Learning Environment plays in influencing learning in today’s teaching environment. The Learning Environment The learning environment refers to the facilities available for use by the learners. These are: the classrooms, the fields, the laboratories, the dining room and the dormitories. The … More Educational Psychology: What role does the Learning Environment play in influencing learning in today’s teaching environment?

Educational Psychology: What impact does the Learner Characteristics have in influencing learning in today’s teaching environment?

Chapter Four Factors that Influence Learning 4a iv). Relate the impact that Learner Characteristics have in influencing learning in today’s teaching environment. The Learner Characteristics The learner is the person for whom the learning process is intended. The teacher should always bear in mind the fact that learners bring to class a wide range of … More Educational Psychology: What impact does the Learner Characteristics have in influencing learning in today’s teaching environment?

Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term “Transfer of Learning”?

 Chapter Five  Transfer of Learning 5a i). Define the term Transfer of Learning. Introduction Knowledge that is learned in school is intended to prepare the student for life outside school. Content learned in one context can be applied in another context within the same subject or in another subject. For example, learning how to sew … More Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term “Transfer of Learning”?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the Aspects of Transfer of Learning?

Chapter Five  Transfer of Learning 5a ii). Examine some of the Aspects Of Transfer of Learning Aspects Of Transfer There are two basic aspects of transfer. These are: Discrimination. Generalization.    Discrimination When the learner is exposed to knowledge or skills that are similar he should understand all the specific features so that he applies in … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the Aspects of Transfer of Learning?

Educational Psychology: What are the Types of Transfer of Learning?

Chapter Five  Transfer of Learning 5a iii). Analyze the Types Of Transfer of Learning Types of Transfer There are three types of transfer: Zero transfer. Negative transfer. Positive transfer. Zero transfer This refers to acquiring knowledge, skills or principles that are not transferable from one situation to another. This occurs when there is no relationship between … More Educational Psychology: What are the Types of Transfer of Learning?

Educational Psychology: What are the various ways teachers can teach for transfer of Learning?

Chapter Five  Transfer of Learning 5a iv). Explain the various ways teachers can teach for transfer of Learning Teaching for transfer There are several basic ways of teaching for transfer Substantive (specific). Procedural (general) transfer. High road transfer.   The substantive method The substantive method refers to specific transfer of rules, facts or skills. It … More Educational Psychology: What are the various ways teachers can teach for transfer of Learning?

Educational Psychology: What Causes Individual Differences In Learning?

Chapter Six Individual Differences in Learning  6a i). Explain the causes of individual differences in Learning. Introduction This lesson shifts its focus on a question that every teacher must teacher must ask all the time. That is what causes individual differences in intellectual ability and achievement. Teacher experience shows that learners in the class, with … More Educational Psychology: What Causes Individual Differences In Learning?

Educational Psychology: What impact does genes have on the intellectual ability of learners?

Chapter Six Individual Differences in Learning  6a ii). Explain the impact genes have on the intellectual ability of learners.  What Genes Give The question of concern here is whether genes fix intellectual ability. Genes do not fix intelligence as such; they provide the blueprint of intellectual abilities. By this, we mean that genes establish a … More Educational Psychology: What impact does genes have on the intellectual ability of learners?

Educational Psychology: What is the impact of the environment on the intellectual ability of learners?

Chapter Six Individual Differences in Learning  6a iii). Explain the impact the environment has on the intellectual ability of learners. Different Environments The environmental influences include everything from the health of a child’s mother during pregnancy to the amount of poisonous substances in the environment to the quality of teaching the child receives, (Woolfolk, 1988). … More Educational Psychology: What is the impact of the environment on the intellectual ability of learners?

Educational Psychology: What is the impact of social economic status on the intellectual ability of learners?

Chapter Six Individual Differences in Learning  6a iv). Explain the social economic status have on the intellectual ability of learners. The social economic status A glimpse into the relationship between the socio-economic status and intellectual ability is in order here. We have noted that children are born in homes that are stimulative while others find … More Educational Psychology: What is the impact of social economic status on the intellectual ability of learners?

Educational Psychology: What are the effects of low social economic status on the intellectual achievement of learners?

Chapter Six Individual Differences in Learning  6b i). Explain the effects of low social economic status have on the intellectual achievement of learners. Effects of low SES on Achievement There are cases where poverty acts as a motivator. This happens when parents have encouraged their children or individual children have worked hard to excel in … More Educational Psychology: What are the effects of low social economic status on the intellectual achievement of learners?

Educational Psychology:Does the School Environment have any bearing on Academic and intellectual performance of students?

Chapter Six Individual Differences in Learning  6b ii). Examine the impact that the school environment has on the Academic and  Intellectual achievement of learners. The School Environment  The schools differ just like the homes. Some schools were more enriched than others and therefore providing varying experiences. Like the homes, the schools are made up of physical … More Educational Psychology:Does the School Environment have any bearing on Academic and intellectual performance of students?

Educational Psychology:Does motivation add any value in the context of education in the Teaching-Learning process?

CHAPTER SEVEN MOTIVATION 7a i). Examine the role motivation plays in the context of education in the teaching-learning process      Introduction In this lesson, I have discussed motivation in the context of education. I have specifically examined how the can apply knowledge of the theories of motivation to make learners want to learn. Motivation … More Educational Psychology:Does motivation add any value in the context of education in the Teaching-Learning process?

Educational Psychology: What do different theories advocate in relatin to motivation?

CHAPTER SEVEN MOTIVATION 7a ii). Discuss the different theories advocated in relation to motivation. What do different theories advocate? Theoretical Approaches Motivation is a vast and complicated subject encompassing many theories. We shall explore some of the theories in our endeavor to throw some illumination in this are. We intend to suggest certain things teachers … More Educational Psychology: What do different theories advocate in relatin to motivation?

Educational Psychology: What are the various Cognitive Approaches to Motivation?

CHAPTER SEVEN MOTIVATION 7a iii). Discuss the different cognitive Approaches to motivation. Cognitive Approaches To Motivation Cognitive approaches to motivation developed as a reaction to the behavioral views. Cognitive theorists believe that behavior is determined by our thinking, not by rewards or the punishments we anticipate or receive. In their view, the behavior is initiated … More Educational Psychology: What are the various Cognitive Approaches to Motivation?

Educational Psychology: What are the various varied aspects of Humanistic Approaches, the Hierarchy of Needs and in their relation to motivating students in the teaching process?

CHAPTER SEVEN MOTIVATION 7a iv). Discuss the various aspects of Humanistic Approaches Humanistic Approaches The proponents of the humanistic approaches to motivation are Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. The humanistic perspective is referred to as the “Third force” psychology because it developed in the 1940s as a reaction against two dominant forces at the time. … More Educational Psychology: What are the various varied aspects of Humanistic Approaches, the Hierarchy of Needs and in their relation to motivating students in the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the terms “intrinsic” and “extrinsic” motivation and how do they impact the learning process?

CHAPTER SEVEN MOTIVATION 7b i). Examine the concepts of Extrinsic and Intrinsic motivation and the impact they have on the learning habits of learners. Extrinsic And Intrinsic Motivation I find it very difficult to ignore a discussion on and intrinsic motivation Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation. What do these two terms refer to? Extrinsic motivation refers … More Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the terms “intrinsic” and “extrinsic” motivation and how do they impact the learning process?

Educational Psychology: What is Achievement motivation and how do you nature it in learners today?

CHAPTER SEVEN MOTIVATION 7b ii). Outline some of the steps you will take to nature achievement motivation in your respective students. Achievement Motivation Achievement motivation is the desire. To excel, To complete difficult tasks, To meet high standards and To outperform others. Pupils who are high in the need to achieve are those who are … More Educational Psychology: What is Achievement motivation and how do you nature it in learners today?

Educational Psychology: What role do personalized goals and incentives play in the learning process? Do they encourage better performance in students?

CHAPTER SEVEN MOTIVATION 7b iii). Summarize some of the personalized goals and incentives that a teacher can use in order to motivate his/her students to post better results in their examinations. Personalized goals and incentives as motivators Intrinsic motivation is also demonstrated by personal goals and incentives. Many motives are personalized. There are people motivated … More Educational Psychology: What role do personalized goals and incentives play in the learning process? Do they encourage better performance in students?

Educational Psychology: What are attitudes in the context of the teaching process? What are some of their components?

  CHAPTER EIGHT ATTITUDES 8a i). Outline the components of attitudes and how the impact the teaching-learning process. Introduction In this chapter, I have discussed the role played by attitudes in school situations, The components of attitudes The functions of attitudes How attitudes develop How a teacher can change learners’ attitudes. Learning in the school … More Educational Psychology: What are attitudes in the context of the teaching process? What are some of their components?

Educational Psychology: What are the functions of attitudes and how do they impact the teaching process?

CHAPTER EIGHT ATTITUDES 8a ii). Outline the function of attitudes in the teaching process and how they impact learning and their respective components. Functions Of Attitudes At this juncture, it is important to examine the role attitudes play in our lives. These are the following Cognitive Social adjustment Ego defense mechanisms Expressing Values      … More Educational Psychology: What are the functions of attitudes and how do they impact the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: What are the various theoretical approaches to attitude change available today in the teaching environment?

CHAPTER EIGHT ATTITUDES 8a iii). Outline the caprices and kinks of  all the various theoretical approaches to attitude change available today. Attitude change In this section, I have discussed attitude change in the light of different theoretical approaches. The behavioristic theory. Cognitive theory, Social learning theory   1. Behavioristic theories The same theories that we … More Educational Psychology: What are the various theoretical approaches to attitude change available today in the teaching environment?

Educational Psychology: What is dissonance and how does it apply to the teaching process?

CHAPTER EIGHT ATTITUDES 8a iv). Outline the concept of dissonance and how it applies to the teaching process. Dissonance Cognitions are said to be dissonant when they are inconsistent. The inconsistency is called dissonance and it is caused by psychological tension arising from mixed feelings. Dissonance is psychologically uncomfortable hence human beings strive hard to … More Educational Psychology: What is dissonance and how does it apply to the teaching process?

Educational Psychology: What is the role played by role models in changing attitudes of learners in the teaching environment?

CHAPTER EIGHT ATTITUDES 8a v). Outline the role played by role models in changing attitudes of learners in the teaching environment Role models Role models can also be used to help change attitudes. The role model must be a person who is trusted, one who is an expert, credible competent, better informed than most and … More Educational Psychology: What is the role played by role models in changing attitudes of learners in the teaching environment?

Educational Psychology: How do attitudes relate to school settings?

CHAPTER EIGHT ATTITUDES 8b i). Outline how attitudes relate to the school settings. Attitudes and School settings How do attitudes relate to school settings? Attitudes help to determine what a learner perceives and how he perceives it. The learner may have acquired a positive or a negative attitude towards. A particular teacher. Subject or School … More Educational Psychology: How do attitudes relate to school settings?

Educational Psychology: What role does the teacher play in attitude change of the learner?

  CHAPTER EIGHT ATTITUDES 8b ii). Evaluate the role of the teacher in transforming the attitude of the learner in a learning environment.  Teacher and Attitude Change What is the teacher’s role in attitude change? The teacher is the person on the ground. He is in direct contact with the students and therefore his role … More Educational Psychology: What role does the teacher play in attitude change of the learner?

Educational Psychology: How does the personality traits characterize persuasibility of a young learner?

CHAPTER EIGHT ATTITUDES 8b iii). Justify how the personality traits are able to characterize persuasibility of a young learner. Personality traits that characterize persuasibility The teacher as a person who is central in attitude change needs to know the personality traits that characterize persuasibility. These are traits that make a person open or closed to … More Educational Psychology: How does the personality traits characterize persuasibility of a young learner?

Educational Psychology: What does the term “personality” mean? How do genes affect the personality of the learner?

CHAPTER NINE PERSONALITY 9a i). Define the term personality and explain how genes affect personality Introduction In this lesson, I have discussed Personality focusing on. Genetic determinants Environmental determinants. In the environmental determinants, I have examined the role played by the home and the school in the determination of personality. Why is the study of … More Educational Psychology: What does the term “personality” mean? How do genes affect the personality of the learner?

Educational Psychology: Can you analyze the vagaries played by the environmental determinants on the development of the personality of a young pupil?

CHAPTER NINE PERSONALITY 9a ii). Discuss the vagaries of environmental determinants on the personality of a young pupil. Environmental determinants of personality Children find themselves growing up in many different environments. Each environment leaves its own mark on the malleable human being. Of course the most important environmental influences are those that impact the child … More Educational Psychology: Can you analyze the vagaries played by the environmental determinants on the development of the personality of a young pupil?

Educational Psychology: What is the role played by the home in influencing the Love and Acceptance of a child?

  CHAPTER NINE PERSONALITY 9a iii). Analyze the role of the home in influencing love and Acceptance of a child. The Home Influences Love and Acceptance The home is usually the first social environment that the social encounters. It provides the child with the earliest social experiences as he interacts with mother, father siblings and … More Educational Psychology: What is the role played by the home in influencing the Love and Acceptance of a child?

Educational Psychology: What place does Personal Identification occupy in the teaching paradigm?

CHAPTER NINE PERSONALITY 9a iv). Analyze the place of personal identification in the teaching environment. Personal Identification Identification is a Freudian concept. It refers to the child’s wish to become like the father for the boys or To become like the mother for girls. If the boy becomes like the father, he assumes the male … More Educational Psychology: What place does Personal Identification occupy in the teaching paradigm?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the methods a teacher can implement so as to control the behavior of students in a classroom environment?

CHAPTER NINE PERSONALITY 9b i). Examine some of the methods a teacher can implement so as to control the behavior of her respective students. Methods of Behavior Control The Methods used by parents to control the child’s behavior are very important. These refer to the incentives the parents put in place to induce good behavior, … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the methods a teacher can implement so as to control the behavior of students in a classroom environment?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the determinants of Personality in students today? Do you know them?

CHAPTER NINE PERSONALITY 9b ii). Examine some of the Educational determinants of Personality Educational Determinants of Personality Educational institutions play a significant role in personality development. Schools rank second to the home as their influence comes early in life when the self-concept is being formed. In fact, once children join school they spend more time … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the determinants of Personality in students today? Do you know them?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the educational determinants of personality?

CHAPTER NINE PERSONALITY 9b iii). Examine the educational determinants of personality Educational Determinants of Personality Educational institutions play a significant role in personality development. Schools rank second to the home as their influence comes early in life when the self-concept is being formed. In fact, once children join school they spend more time there than … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the educational determinants of personality?

Educational Psychology: Do you understand the concept of personality adjustment and maladjustment in relation to a  young learner?How a teacher can adequately harness the potential of a young student effectively?

CHAPTER NINE PERSONALITY 9b iv). Examine the concept of personality adjustment and maladjustment in relation to a  young learner and how a teacher can adequately harness the potential of a young student. PERSONALITY ADJUSTMENT AND MALADJUSTMENT   It is difficult to discuss personality without giving some attention to the concepts of personality adjustment and maladjustment. … More Educational Psychology: Do you understand the concept of personality adjustment and maladjustment in relation to a  young learner?How a teacher can adequately harness the potential of a young student effectively?

Educational Psychology: What is the relevance of classroom managment in todays teaching environment?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 a i). Provide an in-depth justification for classroom management today. In this lesson, I have discussed classroom management. I have specifically focused on: The relevance methods of identifying behaviour problems. Reasons why learners misbehave. How pupils react to problems. Methods of behaviour change.                     … More Educational Psychology: What is the relevance of classroom managment in todays teaching environment?

Educational Psychology: Why do some pupils misbehave in a classroom environment?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 a ii). Explain some of the reasons you think pupils misbehave in a classroom environment. Why do pupils misbehave? Pupils do not misbehave for the sake of doing so; they have their own reasons. A good teacher is the one who knows why learners are likely to show problems behavior. … More Educational Psychology: Why do some pupils misbehave in a classroom environment?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the methods that can be employed in identifying the problem behaviours in the classroom?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 a iii). Discuss some of the methods that can be used in identifying the problem behaviors in the classroom. Methods Of Identifying Problem Behaviors In The Classroom For the teacher to be able to identify problem behaviors in the classroom, he needs to be in touch with the class. This means … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the methods that can be employed in identifying the problem behaviours in the classroom?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the methods teachers can employ to counter student-related problems?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 a iv). Explain methodologies that some of the methods teachers can employ to counter student-related problems effectively? How pupils react to problems Pupils react to problems by becoming problematic. Problematic pupils who cannot or will not adjust to the socially acceptable norms for behavior. A problematic pupil will disrupt his own … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the methods teachers can employ to counter student-related problems?

Educational Psychology: How can a teacher effectively identify problematic behaviors from students?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10a v). Identify the various methodologies a teacher can implement so as to enable quick and easy identification of problematic behaviours in the Classroom Methods Of Identifying Problem Behaviors In The Classroom For the teacher to be able to identify problem behaviors in the classroom, he needs to be in touch … More Educational Psychology: How can a teacher effectively identify problematic behaviors from students?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the various methods of Behaviour Change?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 b i). Analyze the various methods of Behavour  Change. Methods of Behavior Change Punishment In their effort to maintain order in the classroom, teachers use many methods of behavior change. Among them punishments ranks very high. Punishment is a form of aversive control of behavior. Aversive means unpleasant, noxious or … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the various methods of Behaviour Change?

Educational Psychology: What do you know about punishment and what are its negative impacts?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 b ii). Explain some of the facts about punishment and the negative impact it leaves on students. Facts about punishment When we talk about punishment we have certain expectations. We expect that it will serve as an incentive to induce behavior change. We expect the punished pupil to avoid errors. … More Educational Psychology: What do you know about punishment and what are its negative impacts?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the Conditions under which punishment ought to be issued out?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 b iii). Explain the various conditions under which punishment ought to be given out. Conditions under which punishment should be given From the foregoing, it looks like we are discouraging the use of punishment. However, we recognize that punishment cannot be dismissed or ignored. We would, therefore, want to look … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the Conditions under which punishment ought to be issued out?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the Behaviour Modification Techniques in Classroom Management

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 b iv). Analyze some Behaviour Modification Techniques Behavior Modification Techniques There are several methods the teacher could use in classroom management and which could go along way to minimize cases of indiscipline while at the same time they will help to maximize the occurrence of a desirable behavior. These methods … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the Behaviour Modification Techniques in Classroom Management

Educational Psychology: What are some of the conditions under which punishment ought to be issued by a teacher?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 c i). Explain some of the conditions under which punishment ought to be issued Conditions under which punishment should be given From the foregoing, it looks like we are discouraging the use of punishment. However, we recognize that punishment cannot be dismissed or ignored. We would, therefore, want to look … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the conditions under which punishment ought to be issued by a teacher?

Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term “preventive discipline”?

CHAPTER TEN CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT 10 c ii). Explain the concept of preventive discipline the the context of classroom management. Preventive discipline Beyond rewards and punishments   The teacher should respect and love children Respect their identity Acceptance means being aware of their unique personality, interests, strong points, failures and temperaments Help them to develop social … More Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term “preventive discipline”?

Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term “Exceptional Children”

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 a i). Define the term “Exceptional Children”  Introduction I find it extremely difficult to give this lesson justice in the limited time and space I have. This is due to the fact that exceptionality deserves a whole book or whole books. It is a discipline of study in its … More Educational Psychology: What do we mean by the term “Exceptional Children”

Educational Psychology: What are the categories of Exceptional Children in the teaching environment?

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 a ii). Identify the Categories of Exceptional Children.  Categories of exceptional children Exceptional children can be categorized as follows The intellectually different-this category includes the gifted and the talented, mentally handicapped and those with specific learning disabilities The physically different-This category includes the orthopedic, physically handicapped, the crippled or … More Educational Psychology: What are the categories of Exceptional Children in the teaching environment?

Educational Psychology: What classification exists for exceptional children as per the educational curriculum?

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 a iii).  Provide a detailed classification of exceptional children as per the educational curriculum Classification of exceptional children The gifted and talented Who are the gifted? There is no agreement about what constitutes a gifted student one reason being that individuals can have many gifts. The general consensus is … More Educational Psychology: What classification exists for exceptional children as per the educational curriculum?

Educational Psychology: How does a teacher identify the gifted children?

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 a iv). Outline the way a teacher identifies the gifted children and the challenges associated with this. How a teacher identifies the gifted children The gifted children may not be those who simply learn quickly with little effort. Although this characteristic is present, it is important that the teacher … More Educational Psychology: How does a teacher identify the gifted children?

Educational Psychology: How can gifted students be managed in the teaching environment?

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 b i). Provide ways which a teacher can use so as to be able to effectively manage gifted children. How to manage the gifted children Many suggestions have been put forward. Some people feel that the gifted children should be put in classes according to mental age rather than … More Educational Psychology: How can gifted students be managed in the teaching environment?

Educational Psychology: What impact does physical differences such as celebral palsy have on the learning process of a student?

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 b ii). Examine the impact of celebral palsy on the learning process of a student Physical Differences Cerebral palsy What is cerebral palsy? Cerebral palsy is a disorder affecting voluntary movement. It causes a child to have difficulty moving or coordinating his or her body. The problem may be mild … More Educational Psychology: What impact does physical differences such as celebral palsy have on the learning process of a student?

Educational Psychology: Can you give instances of Sensory Exceptionalities in the teaching environment?

  CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 b iii). Give instances of Sensory Exceptionalities Sensory Exceptionalities Hearing impairments (the deaf) Who are deaf children? The deaf children are those who are born with little or no hearing or who suffered the loss of hearing in infancy before speech and language patterns are acquired. Not all … More Educational Psychology: Can you give instances of Sensory Exceptionalities in the teaching environment?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the methodologies a teacher can use to identify hearing impairment? How can a teacher manage this challenge?

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 b iv). Provide some of the methodologies a teacher can use in order to identify a child with hearing impairment and manage them effectively. Characteristics of the hearing impaired children Hearing impaired children do not hear speech. Consequently, they do not acquire oral language. Intellectually, some deaf children could … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the methodologies a teacher can use to identify hearing impairment? How can a teacher manage this challenge?

Educational Psychology: Which steps ought to be followed in managing hearing and vision impaired learners?

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 c i). Give some of the strategies you will apply to ensure that your vision and hearing impaired students are adequately managed. How are hearing impaired children managed? Over the years several approaches have been developed in the management of hearing impaired children. They have been trained in speech … More Educational Psychology: Which steps ought to be followed in managing hearing and vision impaired learners?

Educational Psychology: Can you give an observation of blindness in the teaching environment?

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 c ii). Examine blindness in the teaching environment. The Visually Impaired Definition of the term blindness Blindness is generally defined as visual acuity for distance vision of 20/200 or less in the better eye with the best correction. Very simply put a person will be defined as blind if they … More Educational Psychology: Can you give an observation of blindness in the teaching environment?

Educational Psychology: Can you give a comprehensive definition of intervention in the context of the learning environment? What is Intervention? What is its impact in learning?

CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 c iii). Define the concept of Intervention in the context of the learning environment Intervention Intervention is a concept that involves identifying the child with handicaps and helping that child in developing his maximum potentials. When should intervention programs begin? Intervention should start early in child development. At least … More Educational Psychology: Can you give a comprehensive definition of intervention in the context of the learning environment? What is Intervention? What is its impact in learning?

Educational Psychology: What are some of the services offered to exceptional children?

  CHAPTER ELEVEN THE EXCEPTIONAL LEARNER 11 c iv). Analyze the services which are offered to exceptional children. Services for exceptional children In Kenya today there are many services available for exceptional children. 1.Special schools and units There are special schools and units of every category of special children, among them are residential and day … More Educational Psychology: What are some of the services offered to exceptional children?