History and Government: Can you explain the evolution of history ?

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1 a i). Explain the Evolution of History The concept of history was developed from the work of a Greek historian Herodotus (484-425 BC.). He became the first person to write on the activities of humans based on events in a dated past, lasting for a generation and thus became the father … More History and Government: Can you explain the evolution of history ?

What was the place of History in the ancient Society?

CHAPTER ONE 1 a.(ii). With examples  explain the place of History in the ancient world Throughout the world, history was an unavoidable element of the education passed to the young from time immemorial. The ancient Greeks, for instance, used the legendary stories  (Iliad and Odyssey) of the 10th century (B.C) by the Greek epic poet … More What was the place of History in the ancient Society?

History and Government:What is the meaning on History?

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1a iii). Define the term  history History as a concept comes from a Greek word ‘historia ‘ which means inquiry  ( Perkin 1970 and Crookall 1972).The historians of the last century such as  Carr (I960), define it as “a continuous process of interaction between the historian and his facts, an unending dialogue between the present … More History and Government:What is the meaning on History?

History and Government: What is the importance of studying history?

CHAPTER ONE 1 a  iv).Highlight  the  importance of studying history It welds the society together by creating a spirit of togetherness and interdependence among people who have a common goal and interest. It helps to modify and improve the society by pointing out weaknesses and strengths of peoples’ activities. History teaches us what man has … More History and Government: What is the importance of studying history?

History and Government:What is the definition of government?

CHAPTER ONE 1 a v).The definition of government The following are some definitions of the term “Government”. The authoritative direction and restrain, exercised over the actions of men in communities, societies and states; the direction of the affairs of a state; political rule and administration. (American Dictionary) A group of individuals sharing a defined responsibility … More History and Government:What is the definition of government?

History and Government: What is the importance of studying Government?

CHAPTER ONE 1 a vi). Explain the importance of studying government. The importance of studying government The study of government is necessary because: It makes the learners aware of their rights and obligations, thus preparing them to play an effective role in the society. It creates awareness in learners on how conflicting interests arising in … More History and Government: What is the importance of studying Government?

History and Government: How is history a social science?

CHAPTER ONE 1 a vii). Explain how history is a social science. History as a social science The term social science has been defined differently by a number of professional practitioners. Some of the definitions are as follows1 Social sciences are concerned immediately with the life, institutions, the thoughts, the aspirations and the far-reaching policies … More History and Government: How is history a social science?

History and Government:What are the educational goals of History and Government?

CHAPTER ONE 1 a viii).  What are the educational goals of History and Government? –   National unity (Patriotism and nationalism) – National development (i.e. economic, social, technological and industrial). – Individual development and self-fulfillment – Social equality and responsibility –   Respect and development of cultural heritage, –  International consciousness, – Moral and religious values –  … More History and Government:What are the educational goals of History and Government?

History and Government:What are the sources of History and Government?

CHAPTER ONE 1 ix).Explain the sources of History and Government. The American College dictionary defines a source as “anything or place from which something comes, arises, or is obtained; origin” while Longman Dictionary defines it as ‘a person or thing that supplies information’. From these two definitions it can be concluded that sources of history … More History and Government:What are the sources of History and Government?

History and Government: What are Written Sources

CHAPTER ONE 1 x). Define Written sources of History and government and give examples. Written Sources Written sources refer to what is drawn or printed in conventional signs on any kind of support, whether it is papyrus, parchment or paper (UNESCO. General History of Africa, [Vol.1] Abridged Edition: 1990). These are the most popular and … More History and Government: What are Written Sources

History and Government: What are the importance of written documents

CHAPTER ONE 1 b i). Explain the importance of written documents Today written documents are important because; Some are readily available for reference, They are more reliable than other sources because they are written after careful research and consultation. They are portable, i.e. they are more convenient to carry from place to place without distorting … More History and Government: What are the importance of written documents

History and Government: What are the disadvantages of written documents?

CHAPTER ONE 1 b ii). Explain the limitations posed by written documents The information could be biased because it represents the opinions and background of the writers. Some contain outdated information. Some written documents suffer from distortions depending on the person writing them. At times the level of language might be too advanced for the … More History and Government: What are the disadvantages of written documents?

History and Government: What are Oral Sources?

CHAPTER ONE 1b iii). Explain what Oral sources are highlight some of their advantages. Oral sources Oral sources include current verbal messages and oral traditions. Current verbal messages refer to recent happenings as told through word of mouth by an authority or a participant in a given situation. They could be on history or government, … More History and Government: What are Oral Sources?

History and Government: What are the limitations of Oral sources?

CHAPTER ONE 1 b iv). State the limitations of Oral sources  In spite of the above, oral sources have a number of limitations: They suffer from distortion due to loss of memory of the narrator. Some have a problem of biasness and exaggeration. This depends on the community one is talking about, If it is … More History and Government: What are the limitations of Oral sources?

History and Government: How is Archaeology a source of history?

CHAPTER ONE 1b v). Explain Archaeology as a source of history Archaeology The term “archaeology” comes from a Greek word “archaios” meaning beginning or ancient. As a discipline, it means the study of wry ancient times and antiquities. This study provides silent witnesses and clues to civilization. Some of the clues left behind include foodstuffs, … More History and Government: How is Archaeology a source of history?

History and Government:What are the limitations of Archaeology as a source of history?

CHAPTER ONE 1 b vi). Explain  the disadvantages of Archaeology as a source of information. The dates which archaeologists arrive at are not totally dependable because they are very often plus or minus several years. Excavation is time-consuming and a very expensive exercise. Although it can give social, economic and political aspects of a given … More History and Government:What are the limitations of Archaeology as a source of history?

History and Government: How is Linguistics used as a source of History

CHAPTER ONE 1 b vii).Explain Linguistics as a source of History Linguistics can be defined as the scientific approach used to study language. I! deals with aspects such as grammar patterns, similarities and differences between languages to find out if they are genetically related. For example, if two languages display regular correspondences in form and … More History and Government: How is Linguistics used as a source of History

History and Government: Can you explain how anthropology can be used as a source of history?

CHAPTER ONE 1 b viii). Explain how anthropology can be used as  a source of history Anthropology deals with the study of human race, its origins, developments, beliefs and customs, it attempts to identify the commonalities and differences existing among human beings, their sources and depths of these sources among various societies. This could be … More History and Government: Can you explain how anthropology can be used as a source of history?

History and Government:What is the importance of the lecture method?

    CHAPTER TWO:  TEACHING STRATEGIES AND METHODS IN HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT 2 a. i).The importance of lecture method As a method of teaching, lecture method is important because; it is used to supplement other methods of teaching. In fact, there are a few circumstances if any, where one method of instruction can be used … More History and Government:What is the importance of the lecture method?

History and Government: Which situations invite the use of the lecture method?

CHAPTER TWO 2 a ii). State situations which invite the use of the lecture method. Situations which invite the use of lecture method Situations which invite the use of lecture method Opinions may vary as to when a lecture should be given in history teaching and learning but the following situations seem to offer suitable opportunities. At … More History and Government: Which situations invite the use of the lecture method?

History and Government: What are some of the methods a teacher can follow so as to be able to give an effective lecture?

CHAPTER TWO 2a iii). Describe the methods a teacher should follow in order to give an effective lecture. How to give a lecture When giving a lecture the teacher should do the following: Organize the lecture in three stages: introduction, main body and conclusion. Start the lecture with some interest-catching device to capture the learners’ … More History and Government: What are some of the methods a teacher can follow so as to be able to give an effective lecture?

History and Government: What value does storytelling bring to the learning experience?

CHAPTER TWO 2b i).Explain story telling as a method of teaching history and its importance. Story-Telling / Narrative It is one of the most suitable and important methods of teaching history because it: Presents to the learners clear, vivid, interesting and orderly sequences of events. Through this, the learners visualize these events the way they … More History and Government: What value does storytelling bring to the learning experience?

History and government: What are some of the qualities of a good story that a teacher ought to employ?

CHAPTER TWO 2b ii). State some of the qualities of a good story that a teacher ought to employ Qualities of a good story   A good story should be; Relevant to what is being or is to be taught. It should also have important factual information of educational value. Interesting, dramatic and exciting, evoking … More History and government: What are some of the qualities of a good story that a teacher ought to employ?

History and Government: Can you examine the impact of Question and Answer Method in the Overall teaching and learning of history?

CHAPTER TWO 2b iii).Examine the impact of question and answer method n the overall scope of teaching and learning history. Question and Answer Method Questioning technique lies at the heart of effective history teaching and learning. Il is one of the most important means of stimulating thinking and learning, According to Kochher (1992) “the teacher … More History and Government: Can you examine the impact of Question and Answer Method in the Overall teaching and learning of history?

History and Government: Why should a teacher employ questioning as a teaching method?

CHAPTER TWO 2b iv). Explain the purpose of  the questioning method. Purpose of questioning Questioning technique should not be used for the sake of it but rather it should be applied to: Revise work already covered and expose difficulties which the learners may be faced with so that they can be solved. Prepare learners for … More History and Government: Why should a teacher employ questioning as a teaching method?

History and Government: What are some of the characteristics of good questions?

CHAPTER TWO 2b v)Explain some of the characteristics of good questions which will enable a teacher teach effectively. Characteristics of good questions For questions to be rated as good, they must be: Meaningful and relevant. ^- Definite and direct. Clear and coherent. Simple but challenging enough and thought-provoking. Suitable to the age, level and the … More History and Government: What are some of the characteristics of good questions?

History and Government: What are some of the categories of questions and how can a teacher properly apply them for maximum impact?

CHAPTER TWO 2c i). Analyze the various categories of questions and how they can be applied in day to day teaching situations. Categories of questions Basically, there are two categories of questions whose aim is to enable the teacher to test the learners level of understanding. There are two categories of questions: lower order or … More History and Government: What are some of the categories of questions and how can a teacher properly apply them for maximum impact?

History and Government: What are some of the guidelines a teacher ought to follow  to ensure he employs good questioning techniques

CHAPTER TWO 2 c ii). State the essential guidelines to good questioning techniques. Guidelines to questioning technique The following suggestions are useful to a teacher who intends to use questioning; • The questions should be related to the objective of the lesson. • The questions should be within the students’ background, experience and ability. • … More History and Government: What are some of the guidelines a teacher ought to follow  to ensure he employs good questioning techniques

History and Government: What should a history teacher not do while employing the questioning technique?

CHAPTER TWO 2c iii). Explain what  a history teacher should desist from doing while employing the questioning technique? Caution to Questioning technique In using questioning technique, the history teacher should avoid the following: The learners answering-in unison. Such a response does not enable the teacher to differentiate between those who have information on the question … More History and Government: What should a history teacher not do while employing the questioning technique?

History and Government:Which guidelines does a teacher  have to follow when handling student’s answers?

CHAPTER TWO 2c iv).Explain the  guidelines a teacher  has to follow when handling student’s answers. Guidelines to follow when handling students’ answers   In dealing with the students’ responses (answers), the teacher should do the following: Give credit for effort made by commending good answers with encouraging remarks such as “Good”, 1’nr wrung answers you should … More History and Government:Which guidelines does a teacher  have to follow when handling student’s answers?

History and Government: How does a teacher deal with wrong answers from students?

CHAPTER TWO 2c v). Explain how a teacher deals with wrong answers from students? Use the following approach to deal with wrong answers from the learners: If the purpose of the question was the recall of factual material, the teacher may use another student to answer the question. If the question asked calls for a … More History and Government: How does a teacher deal with wrong answers from students?

History and Government:What are some of the guidelines which can be followed by teachers when dealing with learner’s questions?

CHAPTER TWO 2c vi). Explain guidelines which can be followed by teachers when dealing with learner’s questions. The following are guidelines, which can be utilized when dealing with  learners’ questions: Show pleasure and appreciate learners’ efforts when they ask if questions. Treat students’ questions with respect, Consider all questions no matter how silly they may … More History and Government:What are some of the guidelines which can be followed by teachers when dealing with learner’s questions?

History and Government: Are there any limitations of the questioning method? If so, what are they?

CHAPTER TWO 2 d i). Explain the limitations of questioning? Although questioning is an effective approach to history teaching and learning, tile teacher needs to use it cautiously because of these limitations: II is time consuming, It is more applicable in topics the students are familiar with. Pre-planned questions call for more involvement in the … More History and Government: Are there any limitations of the questioning method? If so, what are they?

History and Government: Can you define and analyze the discussion method of teaching?

CHAPTER TWO 2d ii). Analyze the discussion method of teaching. It can be defined as a critical examination by argument. As a method, it is an approach in which the students under the teacher’s guidance exchange points of view so as to arrive at a collective decision or conclusion on a given issue/ topic. It … More History and Government: Can you define and analyze the discussion method of teaching?

History and Government: What are some of the importances of the discussion method?

CHAPTER TWO 2d iii). Explain the importance of the discussion method Importance of discussion Discussion technique is important in the teaching and learning of history because it: Stimulates learners’ mental activity, thus leading to a lively discussion Develops fluency in expression which is necessary in learning and in adult life, Encourages learners to discover information … More History and Government: What are some of the importances of the discussion method?

History and Government: What are some of the considerations to be made by the teacher in the discussion method?

CHAPTER TWO 2d iv). Explain some of the considerations to be made by the teacher in the discussion method. The teacher should: Act as a leader and initiator of the discussion and should maintain class control. Be a guide and a facilitator of the discussion. First present the topic of the discussion Make seating arrangement … More History and Government: What are some of the considerations to be made by the teacher in the discussion method?

History and Government: What are some of the considerations to be be made by the learner in the discussion method?

CHAPTER TWO 2d v). Explain some of the considerations to be made by the learner in the discussion method. They have to consider the following before and during the discussion The learners should do extensive reading on the topic prior to discussion. Speakers should be acknowledged by either the group leader (small group discussion) or … More History and Government: What are some of the considerations to be be made by the learner in the discussion method?

History and Government:When should a teacher use the discussion method

CHAPTER TWO 2d vi) When to use discussion method Discussion method could be used when: The teacher wants to get opinions/ideas from the students. Dealing with topics which require flow of information from the teacher to the students and students to the teacher. The teacher wants to clarify situations and examples. The objective is to develop … More History and Government:When should a teacher use the discussion method

History and Government: What are some of the limitations teachers encounter while employing the use of the discussion method of teaching?

  CHAPTER TWO 2d vii).Discuss the limitations of discussion method in teaching today. Limitations of discussion method                  Discussion as a teaching and learning method has a nurnber of limitations for example: It is time consuming. It may give opportunities for some students to show off. It is difficult to achieve maximum interaction when the … More History and Government: What are some of the limitations teachers encounter while employing the use of the discussion method of teaching?

History and Government: What is a whole class discussion? How can it be employed by teachers today?

CHAPTER TWO 2d viii). Highlight the nuances of whole class discussion and its implementation. Whole Class Discussion Whole class discussion often than not comes up as an Impromptu activity, It comes in the midst of student-teacher talk when an Issue urines that requires to be clarified further, At other times a disunion can lit a … More History and Government: What is a whole class discussion? How can it be employed by teachers today?

History and Government:Can you explain the nuances of group discussion and how a teacher can employ them in teaching the curriculum?

CHAPTER TWO 2d ix). Explain the nuances of group discussion and how a teacher can employ them in teaching the curriculum? Small Group Discussion Under small group discussion, we have buzz groups, group reports, brainstorming, debates, panel among others. It Involve forming groups from the whole class, Groups ranging from 2-12 students could generate it … More History and Government:Can you explain the nuances of group discussion and how a teacher can employ them in teaching the curriculum?

History and Government:How can a teacher in History and Government effectively employ the use of Group reports in teaching?

CHAPTER TWO 2e i) Discuss how a teacher can effectively employ the use of Group reports in teaching. Group reports In using group reports, the teacher should do the following: Give students a topic to discuss in groups of 3-6 depending on the size of the class. In a large class, assign different sub-topics to … More History and Government:How can a teacher in History and Government effectively employ the use of Group reports in teaching?

History and Government: How can the use of brainstorming aid the teaching process?

CHAPTER TWO 2 e ii). Explain the efficacy of brainstorming in the teaching process Brainstorming In brainstorming, this procedure should be followed: The teacher introduces a topic or a problem/question to the class and asks members of the class/group for their ideas, solutions or comments on the issue. The class/group responds with whatever comes to the mind. … More History and Government: How can the use of brainstorming aid the teaching process?

History and Government: How does debating aid the teaching process?

CHAPTER TWO 2e iii). Explain the efficacy of debating in the teaching processs Debates The most formal of all discussion techniques is the debate. It requires learners to hold formal argument on a given issue.  It is an important technique in history teaching and learning because it enables participants to see the other side of … More History and Government: How does debating aid the teaching process?

History and Government: How does a teacher organize a good debate?

CHAPTER TWO 2e iv). Explain how a teacher can organize a good debate. How to organize a debate A debate could be organized as follows; Select a topic or a question to be debated on. Allow students to form two teams, one arguing for the topic and another arguing against it. Select a chairman and … More History and Government: How does a teacher organize a good debate?

History and Government:What are the guidelines for panel discussion?

CHAPTER TWO 2e v). Explain the guidelines for panel discussion Guidelines for panel discussion After the members of a panel have been identified, the following should be carried out: The panelists should prepare adequately on the selected topic with the help of the teacher who will guide them on their roles and the procedure to … More History and Government:What are the guidelines for panel discussion?

History and Government:What is role playing as a method of teaching?

CHAPTER TWO 2 f i). Explain Role play as a method of teaching. Role Play Method It is defined as an unrehearsed dramatization in which Hit players try to clarify a situation by acting out the roles of the participants in the situation. Selected members of a class act out or imitate a situation/condition or … More History and Government:What is role playing as a method of teaching?

History and Government: What is the purpose of role playing in teaching?

CHAPTER TWO 2f ii). Examine the purpose of role playing in the teaching of History and Government. Purpose of role-playing Role-play has these purposes: It helps people see a situation through other peoples’ point of view. It prepares learners to fit in different situations in life as they play different roles, It helps in clarifying … More History and Government: What is the purpose of role playing in teaching?

History and Government: Can you give examples of History and Government topics which can be taught through the use of role playing?

CHAPTER TWO 2f iii). Give examples of History and Government topics which can be taught through the use of role playing. There are many History and Government topics that can be taught through the use of this method. These include; Biographies of political leaders, e.g. Jomo Kenyatta’s arrest, trial, coronation as president. Trade, e.g. local … More History and Government: Can you give examples of History and Government topics which can be taught through the use of role playing?

History and Government: History and Government: How can a teacher organize for a role playing exercise?

CHAPTER TWO: 2f  iv). Describe the organization of role playing. Organization of role playing A teacher could organize vole-playing using the following stages: Select a topic that the class understands very well. Give the purpose for rote-playing, Explain areas of emphasis in the topic Decide on the number of the players. Encourage learners to volunteer … More History and Government: History and Government: How can a teacher organize for a role playing exercise?

History and Government: Can you examine some of the limitations encountered by teachers who employ the use of role playing in teaching of History and Government?

CHAPTER TWO 2f v). Discuss the limitations of role playing. Although the importance of role-play cannot be underestimated, it has also some limitations e.g. : It is not realistic enough and as such it can lead to misconceptions, Sometimes the learners take it as a form of entertainment and as a result they lose its … More History and Government: Can you examine some of the limitations encountered by teachers who employ the use of role playing in teaching of History and Government?

History and Government: What are educational visits in relation to the teaching of History and Government?

CHAPTER TWO 2f vi). Expound on the concept of educational visits  in relation to the teaching of History and Government Educational Visits These are visits by learners to venues of learning through which they (learners) come into first-hand contact with people, places and things around them. Through these visits, learners are involved in the following: … More History and Government: What are educational visits in relation to the teaching of History and Government?

History and Government: Is there any importance of educational visits or is it all just a waste of resources for teaching?

CHAPTER TWO 2f vii). Analyze the importance of  educational visits. Importance of educational visits There are important in the teaching and learning of history because: They supplement and enrich curriculum experiences, They provide hands-on experiences to learners when they come in contact with people, places and things around them, thus developing a sense of reality. … More History and Government: Is there any importance of educational visits or is it all just a waste of resources for teaching?

History and Government:What  Consideration should a teacher who intends to use educational  visits make before embarking on it?

CHAPTER TWO 2f viii). Examine the considerations to be made when using educational visits as a method of teaching by teachers. Consideration to be made by the  teacher  intending   to  use educational visits The teacher should answer the following questions positively before embarking on a visit: (1)         Will the visit be relevant to educational objectives? … More History and Government:What  Consideration should a teacher who intends to use educational  visits make before embarking on it?

History and Government: What are the preparations which ought to be made by a teacher before an educational visit?

CHAPTER TWO 2f ix). Examine the preparations to be made before an Educational visit. Preparation to be made before an Educational Visit Preparations must be made both by the teacher and the learners. The teacher should do the following: Identify a relevant place. Discuss the matter with the head of the school for approval. Plan … More History and Government: What are the preparations which ought to be made by a teacher before an educational visit?

History and Government:How should learners prepare for the educational trips made by the teachers

CHAPTER TWO 2f x). Examine how  learners should prepare for the educational trips made by the teachers Just like the teacher, the learners must prepare for the visit, Their preparation should include the following: Understanding the objectives of the visit in advance. Being clear on what to look for during the trip. Preparing questions/questionnaires in … More History and Government:How should learners prepare for the educational trips made by the teachers

History and Government:What should the teacher do during educational trip visits?

CHAPTER TWO 2f xi). Examine what a teacher should do during educational trip visits. During the visit During the visit or trip, both the teacher and the learners have these responsibilities; The teacher should ensure that there is proper conduct in the bus during the trip, e.g. remaining on one’s seat, not sticking arms and … More History and Government:What should the teacher do during educational trip visits?

History and Government:What should a teacher do in the follow up after the visits?

CHAPTER TWO 2 g i). Examine what a teacher ought to do in the follow up after the visits? Follow-up after the visit For the teacher to assess the success and benefits of the trip, one should: take about one or two lessons after the visit to consolidate the findings. give time to group leaders … More History and Government:What should a teacher do in the follow up after the visits?

History and Government:What is the impact of imaginary educational visits?

CHAPTER TWO 2g ii). Examine the impact of imaginary educational visits. Imaginary educational visits A very stimulating approach of teaching history would-be to weave facts around an imaginary visit to the actual place where events took place. This approach could be used under the following situations: When teaching remote history, the teacher should take the … More History and Government:What is the impact of imaginary educational visits?

History and Government: Can you suggest guidelines a teacher can use for imaginary visits?

CHAPTER TWO 2g iii). Suggest guidelines for imaginary visits? Suggested guidelines for imaginary visits The following is a useful guide for a teacher who intends to use imaginary visits in a history lesson: The teacher should choose a place of interest, which is relevant to the topic under study. If the place is within reach … More History and Government: Can you suggest guidelines a teacher can use for imaginary visits?

History and Government: Can you suggest a list of follow-up activities that can be employed by the teacher after the educational visit?

CHAPTER TWO 2g iv). Give a list of follow-up activities to be employed by the teacher after the visit Follow-up activities after the visit would include:  Asking oral questions;  discussing about people and places visited;  drawing e.g. people at work, objects seen, a simple map;  Model making e.g. houses, objects   acting a relevant scene; … More History and Government: Can you suggest a list of follow-up activities that can be employed by the teacher after the educational visit?

History and Government: What are the categorization of Learning Resources?

CHAPTER THREE LEARNING RESOURCES 3 a i). Analyze the categorization of Learning Resources Categorization of Learning Resources There is a wide assortment of media to be used in history teaching and learning. Some of them are commercially produced while some are locally made. For convenience of media identification, the following taxonomy will be used: Print … More History and Government: What are the categorization of Learning Resources?

History and Government:What is Project method and how can it be applied by a teacher?

CHAPTER TWO 2 h i). Define the Project method. Project Method Project method is a child-centered approach to learning. It aims at developing the child into a decent worthwhile citizen by actively involving one into the learning process and freeing the individual from traditional school environment, which is usually marked with passivity and lacks keenness … More History and Government:What is Project method and how can it be applied by a teacher?

History and Government: What are some of the Advantages of Media production?

CHAPTER THREE 3a ii). Examine the advantages of Media Production? Media Production Some of the media used in history teaching are either commercially produced or teacher-made. It is recommended where possible that the teacher and the learners prepare their own materials especially pictures, charts and models, Teacher-made resources have the following advantages: They can quickly … More History and Government: What are some of the Advantages of Media production?

History and Government: What are the disadvantages of media production?

CHAPTER THREE 3a iii) What are the disadvantages of media production? It should be noted here that teacher-made production has its own disadvantages. Some of the disadvantages are: The production is of low quality because [he techniques employed are “usually non-professional in quality. The production has low commonality in that what is produced to suit … More History and Government: What are the disadvantages of media production?

History and Government: What are the types of projects?

CHAPTER TWO 2h ii). Examine types of projects. Types of projects There are different types of projects, which can be used in History and Government teaching and learning. These are: Producer type: The learners are expected to construct real things and models, e.g. tools used by early man, modes of transport and court of arms. … More History and Government: What are the types of projects?

History and government What are the criteria for a good project?

CHAPTER TWO 2h iii).Examine the criteria for a good project? Criteria for a good project For a project to be good, it must satisfy these criteria: Relevancy: It should be relevant to the instructional objective and topic under study. ‘    Usefulness: It should result in a worthwhile end product fulfilling a long-standing need. Economical: It … More History and government What are the criteria for a good project?

History and Government:What are the criteria for a good textbook?

CHAPTER THREE 3a iv). Explain the criteria for a good textbook? Criteria for a good textbook In selecting a history and government textbook the teacher should be by the following criteria. The textbook should be relevant to curriculum objectives of History and Government, It should have relevant and accurate information. This calls for authenticity and … More History and Government:What are the criteria for a good textbook?

History and Government: Which guidelines should a teacher follow in the preparation for a project?

CHAPTER TWO 2h iv). Discuss the preparation for a project. Preparation for a project In planning to use a project approach to teaching and learning of history, the following guidelines would be useful: The teacher/students should identify1 a project to work on, e.g. watching a film, constructing something or solving a problem. The teacher should … More History and Government: Which guidelines should a teacher follow in the preparation for a project?

History and Government: How can a teacher effectively utilize the value of a textbook?

CHAPTER THREE 3a v). Explain the effective utilization of the textbook Effective utilization of the textbook  For effective utilization, the teacher should never depend solely on the textbook nor repeat word by word, what is in it. Rather, one should do the following: Familiarize oneself within the textbook and supplement textbook information with material from … More History and Government: How can a teacher effectively utilize the value of a textbook?

History and Government: How can learner effectively utilize the value of a textbook?

CHAPTER THREE 3a vi). Explain how learners can  effectively utilize the textbook The effective use of the textbook does not end with the teacher. The learners too need to be trained on how to use text. The teacher can do this by: Giving a general introduction to [he textbook and indicating among other Things how … More History and Government: How can learner effectively utilize the value of a textbook?

History and Government: What are the advantages of the project method?

  CHAPTER TWO 2h v). Analyze the advantages of the project method? Advantages of project method Project method has a number of advantages. Prepares the child for life outside school by acquainting one with real problems of life. Promotes a sense of responsibility and cooperation among the learners as they work together to achieve a … More History and Government: What are the advantages of the project method?

History and Government: What are the disadvantages of the project method?

CHAPTER TWO 2h vi). Examine the disadvantages of the project method. Disadvantages of project method Project method suffers from a number of disadvantages: It upsets the routine work of the school; this is especially the case with fieldwork. It is not possible to apply all the subjects in a single project. Sometimes teachers end up … More History and Government: What are the disadvantages of the project method?

History and Government: What are the shortcomings of textbooks in teaching in the classroom?

  CHAPTER THREE 3a vii). Explain the shortcomings of textbooks in the classroom. Some of them provide sketchy information and this misdirects and discourages the readers who solely depend on them. When overused they replace the teacher in the classroom Textbooks predigest material and so denies the learners the need to think, to do their … More History and Government: What are the shortcomings of textbooks in teaching in the classroom?

History and Governments:What is the importance of Collateral Readings in the teaching and learning process?

CHAPTER THREE 3b i). Discuss the importance of Collateral Readings. Collateral Readings The textbook should always be supplemented with collateral readings, which contain useful and relevant information on contemporary history.Collateral materials include journals, newspapers, magazines, reviews, periodicals and other similar written texts. These may be used side by side with textbooks Occasionally these readings may … More History and Governments:What is the importance of Collateral Readings in the teaching and learning process?

History and Government:Which are some of the syllabus topics which require the use of collateral materials?

CHAPTER THREE 3b ii). Analyze some of the syllabus topics which require the use of collateral materials. Syllabus topics, which call for use of collateral materials A teacher should be on the lookout tor collateral materials, which may attain relevant information on some related topics in History and Government. The following topics offer suitable ground … More History and Government:Which are some of the syllabus topics which require the use of collateral materials?

History and Government: How does a teacher use the collateral materials in the teaching of History and Government.

CHAPTER THREE 3b iii). Explain how a teacher can implement the use of the collateral materials in the teaching of History and Government. How to use collateral materials in history teaching and learning For effective use of collateral materials the history teacher needs to be very careful in selecting the relevant material. This is because … More History and Government: How does a teacher use the collateral materials in the teaching of History and Government.

History and Government: When does the teacher use collateral materials?

CHAPTER THREE 3 b iv).Explain situations in which a teacher is supposed to use collateral materials. When does the teacher use collateral materials? There are a number of situations, which call for the use of collateral material in history, Some of these are when: The teacher is referring to current events and their analysis of … More History and Government: When does the teacher use collateral materials?

What are the limitations of collateral material?

CHAPTER THREE 3b v). Examine the various limitations of collateral material. Limitations of collateral material Collateral materials are limited in a number of ways: Lack of objectivity; Most of the information obtained from the newspapers, reviews and magazines on controversial matters is influenced by personal or group interests. They can give wrong information to students … More What are the limitations of collateral material?

History and Government: Can you analyze the importance of the chalkboard in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 3 3b vi).Analyze the importance of the chalkboard in the teaching process. Chalkboard Chalkboard is the most useful and versatile of the visual aids at the disposal of a history teacher. It would not be wrong to say that the chalkboard is irreplaceable and indispensable. According to J.C, Aggarwal (1982), it is the oldest … More History and Government: Can you analyze the importance of the chalkboard in the teaching process?

History and Government: Which principles should govern the proper use of a chalkboard by a teacher?

CHAPTER THREE 3b vii). Which principles should govern the proper use of a chalkboard by a teacher? Principles governing good chalkboard work Chalkboard work should be guided by; A good layout with correct spellings, lettering and legibility Clarity: It should be clear to make the teaching/learning phases easier. Simplicity: All the work must be simple … More History and Government: Which principles should govern the proper use of a chalkboard by a teacher?

Which situations which call for the use of a Chalkboard by a teacher?

CHAPTER THREE 3b viii).Examine the situations which call for the use of a Chalkboard. Situations which call for the use of  the chalkboard The chalkboard could be used for: Writing the summary or review or main points of the lesson, Writing and clarifying new words, forms and concepts. , Drawing sketches, maps, diagrams, illustrations and … More Which situations which call for the use of a Chalkboard by a teacher?

History and Government: How does a teacher use the chalkboard in teaching history?

CHAPTER 3 3b ix). Describe  how  a teacher uses the chalkboard in teaching history? How to use the chalkboard in history teaching and learning For effective use of the chalkboard the teacher should: Ensure the chalkboard is clean before using it. Partition the chalkboard into three sections if the size allows: use the left hand column … More History and Government: How does a teacher use the chalkboard in teaching history?

History and Government: What are the limitations of using a chalk board?

CHAPTER THREE 3b x). State the limitations of using a chalk board. Limitations of chalkboard Although the chalkboard is an effective teaching tool it has a number of shortcomings: A lot of time is spent writing on the chalkboard instead of teaching, Use of chalkboard does not cater for individual differences, especially learners with low … More History and Government: What are the limitations of using a chalk board?

History and Government: Can you justify the use of charts in the teaching and learning process of History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3c i).Justify the use of charts in the teaching process of History and Government Charts A chart is a combination of written or drawn pictorial or graphic material, which presents a clear visual summary in tabulated or methodical form, Churls are either teacher-made or ready-made, Where possible it is recommended that teachers make … More History and Government: Can you justify the use of charts in the teaching and learning process of History and Government?

History and Government: What are the qualities of a good chart?

  CHAPTER THREE 3c ii). State the qualities of a good chart. Qualities of a good chart A good chart must; Have a heading/title in capital letters. Bring out the message clearly precisely and forcefully, i.e. it should have a central idea standing out clearly, Use symbols which can be understood by the users. Contain … More History and Government: What are the qualities of a good chart?

History and Government: How does a teacher prepare proper charts?

CHAPTER THREE 3c iii). How does a teacher prepare proper charts? How to prepare charts When preparing charts for teaching/learning purposes, the teacher should do the following; Use a manila paper, which allows for the use of all conventional colours, white is an ideal colour. Give the chart a heading written in capital letters, which … More History and Government: How does a teacher prepare proper charts?

History and Government:How does a teacher effectively use a chart for maximum effect?

CHAPTER THREE 3c iv). Explain how a teacher can  effectively use a chart for maximum effect? How do you use it? In using the chart the following should be done; Give a provision for hanging or pinning the chart at a strategic place in the classroom. Do not use learners to hold it unless it … More History and Government:How does a teacher effectively use a chart for maximum effect?

What are the types of maps and what are their impact in the teaching of history and government?

CHAPTER THREE 3c v). Examine the types of maps and their impact in studying history and government. Maps A map refers to a representation of the surface of the earth or a section of it as if seen from above drawn on scale. It shows shapes of some physical features, shape, size and position of … More What are the types of maps and what are their impact in the teaching of history and government?

History and Government:What are the importance of maps in the teaching of history and government?

CHAPTER THREE 3c vi) State the importance of maps in the teaching of history and government? Importance of maps Maps are useful in history teaching because they: Help us locate where people live or have lived in the past. Make historical facts comprehensive, real and easy to remember. Enable learners to visualize areas in question … More History and Government:What are the importance of maps in the teaching of history and government?

What are the qualities of a good history and government map?

CHAPTER THREE 3c vii). State the qualities of a good history and government map? Qualities of a good history and government map A good history map should have the following characteristics: Accurate: It should be as accurate as possible. Simplicity: Information shown should be limited to essentials. Sizable: It should be large enough to be … More What are the qualities of a good history and government map?

History and Government:How does a teacher use maps effectively in the teaching of history?

CHAPTER THREE 3c viii). How does a teacher use maps effectively in the teaching of history? How to use maps effectively in history teaching For effective utilization of maps the teacher should do the following: Hang it conveniently in the classroom. Display it at the right time for instance when you want to use it … More History and Government:How does a teacher use maps effectively in the teaching of history?

History and Government: What is the relevance of Pictures in the teaching process of History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3d i). Explain the relevance of Picture in the teaching process of History and Government Pictures A picture is a painting, a drawing or a photograph of a person, an object or a scene. There is a wide variety of pictures for history teaching which can be obtained from textbooks, reference books, historical … More History and Government: What is the relevance of Pictures in the teaching process of History and Government?

History and Government:What is the criteria for good pictures?

CHAPTER THREE 3 d ii). Analyze the criteria for good pictures. Criteria for good pictures A picture selected for History and Government teaching and learning must be: Truthful and accurate: A picture which portrays any event or subject in history must represent it truthfully. Clear and easy to understand: Important parts of the picture must … More History and Government:What is the criteria for good pictures?

History and Government: How does a teacher properly utilize pictures for the maximum teaching impact?

CHAPTER THREE 3d iii).How does a teacher properly utilize pictures for the maximum teaching impact? How to utilize pictures In order to promote maximum learning, pictures should be selected and used in accordance with sound guidance: The teacher should prepare questions in advance, which will guide learners into interpreting pictures to direct or challenge their … More History and Government: How does a teacher properly utilize pictures for the maximum teaching impact?

History and Government: When does the teacher use pictures in history?

CHAPTER THREE 3d iv) State instances in which a teacher ought to use pictures in teaching history. When does the teacher use pictures in history? Most of the topics in History and Government invite the use of pictures whether they are drawn, painted or taken by means of a chemical action of light (photography). Pictures … More History and Government: When does the teacher use pictures in history?

History and Government: What are the limitations of using pictures in teaching?

CHAPTER THREE 3d v). Examine the limitations of using pictures in teaching? Limitations of using pictures in teaching A picture is static and gives only one isolated viewpoint whereas the movement of learners give them constantly changing viewpoints, A picture is only two-dimensional and therefore it does not give the depth of whatever it is … More History and Government: What are the limitations of using pictures in teaching?

What does the the term “object” in the context of teaching History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3d vi). Define the term “object” in the context of teaching History and Government? Objects An object is a visible or tangible thing to which attention or action is directed. In history teaching, it refers to a real thing, which has some historical importance. Examples of objects which can be used in history … More What does the the term “object” in the context of teaching History and Government?

History and Government:What is the importance of objects in the teaching of History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3d vii). Examine  the importance of objects in the teaching of History and Government. Importance of objects in History and Government teaching Use of objects enables learners to: Develop critical thinking and imaginative minds as they are encouraged to figure out how the objects provided were made and utilized. Identify with a given … More History and Government:What is the importance of objects in the teaching of History and Government?

History and Government: How does a teacher utilize objects in a History and Government lesson?

CHAPTER THREE 3d viii). State ways in which a teacher can utilize objects in a History and Government lesson. How to utilize objects in a History and Government lesson To utilize the objects effectively in a teaching/learning situation, the following should be done: Introduce the object to the learners. If it is big enough display … More History and Government: How does a teacher utilize objects in a History and Government lesson?