History and Government: What are the categorization of Learning Resources?

CHAPTER THREE LEARNING RESOURCES 3 a i). Analyze the categorization of Learning Resources Categorization of Learning Resources There is a wide assortment of media to be used in history teaching and learning. Some of them are commercially produced while some are locally made. For convenience of media identification, the following taxonomy will be used: Print … More History and Government: What are the categorization of Learning Resources?

History and Government: What are some of the Advantages of Media production?

CHAPTER THREE 3a ii). Examine the advantages of Media Production? Media Production Some of the media used in history teaching are either commercially produced or teacher-made. It is recommended where possible that the teacher and the learners prepare their own materials especially pictures, charts and models, Teacher-made resources have the following advantages: They can quickly … More History and Government: What are some of the Advantages of Media production?

History and Government: What are the disadvantages of media production?

CHAPTER THREE 3a iii) What are the disadvantages of media production? It should be noted here that teacher-made production has its own disadvantages. Some of the disadvantages are: The production is of low quality because [he techniques employed are “usually non-professional in quality. The production has low commonality in that what is produced to suit … More History and Government: What are the disadvantages of media production?

History and Government:What are the criteria for a good textbook?

CHAPTER THREE 3a iv). Explain the criteria for a good textbook? Criteria for a good textbook In selecting a history and government textbook the teacher should be by the following criteria. The textbook should be relevant to curriculum objectives of History and Government, It should have relevant and accurate information. This calls for authenticity and … More History and Government:What are the criteria for a good textbook?

History and Government: How can a teacher effectively utilize the value of a textbook?

CHAPTER THREE 3a v). Explain the effective utilization of the textbook Effective utilization of the textbook  For effective utilization, the teacher should never depend solely on the textbook nor repeat word by word, what is in it. Rather, one should do the following: Familiarize oneself within the textbook and supplement textbook information with material from … More History and Government: How can a teacher effectively utilize the value of a textbook?

History and Government: How can learner effectively utilize the value of a textbook?

CHAPTER THREE 3a vi). Explain how learners can  effectively utilize the textbook The effective use of the textbook does not end with the teacher. The learners too need to be trained on how to use text. The teacher can do this by: Giving a general introduction to [he textbook and indicating among other Things how … More History and Government: How can learner effectively utilize the value of a textbook?

History and Government: What are the shortcomings of textbooks in teaching in the classroom?

  CHAPTER THREE 3a vii). Explain the shortcomings of textbooks in the classroom. Some of them provide sketchy information and this misdirects and discourages the readers who solely depend on them. When overused they replace the teacher in the classroom Textbooks predigest material and so denies the learners the need to think, to do their … More History and Government: What are the shortcomings of textbooks in teaching in the classroom?

History and Governments:What is the importance of Collateral Readings in the teaching and learning process?

CHAPTER THREE 3b i). Discuss the importance of Collateral Readings. Collateral Readings The textbook should always be supplemented with collateral readings, which contain useful and relevant information on contemporary history.Collateral materials include journals, newspapers, magazines, reviews, periodicals and other similar written texts. These may be used side by side with textbooks Occasionally these readings may … More History and Governments:What is the importance of Collateral Readings in the teaching and learning process?

History and Government:Which are some of the syllabus topics which require the use of collateral materials?

CHAPTER THREE 3b ii). Analyze some of the syllabus topics which require the use of collateral materials. Syllabus topics, which call for use of collateral materials A teacher should be on the lookout tor collateral materials, which may attain relevant information on some related topics in History and Government. The following topics offer suitable ground … More History and Government:Which are some of the syllabus topics which require the use of collateral materials?

History and Government: How does a teacher use the collateral materials in the teaching of History and Government.

CHAPTER THREE 3b iii). Explain how a teacher can implement the use of the collateral materials in the teaching of History and Government. How to use collateral materials in history teaching and learning For effective use of collateral materials the history teacher needs to be very careful in selecting the relevant material. This is because … More History and Government: How does a teacher use the collateral materials in the teaching of History and Government.

History and Government: When does the teacher use collateral materials?

CHAPTER THREE 3 b iv).Explain situations in which a teacher is supposed to use collateral materials. When does the teacher use collateral materials? There are a number of situations, which call for the use of collateral material in history, Some of these are when: The teacher is referring to current events and their analysis of … More History and Government: When does the teacher use collateral materials?

What are the limitations of collateral material?

CHAPTER THREE 3b v). Examine the various limitations of collateral material. Limitations of collateral material Collateral materials are limited in a number of ways: Lack of objectivity; Most of the information obtained from the newspapers, reviews and magazines on controversial matters is influenced by personal or group interests. They can give wrong information to students … More What are the limitations of collateral material?

History and Government: Can you analyze the importance of the chalkboard in the teaching process?

CHAPTER 3 3b vi).Analyze the importance of the chalkboard in the teaching process. Chalkboard Chalkboard is the most useful and versatile of the visual aids at the disposal of a history teacher. It would not be wrong to say that the chalkboard is irreplaceable and indispensable. According to J.C, Aggarwal (1982), it is the oldest … More History and Government: Can you analyze the importance of the chalkboard in the teaching process?

History and Government: Which principles should govern the proper use of a chalkboard by a teacher?

CHAPTER THREE 3b vii). Which principles should govern the proper use of a chalkboard by a teacher? Principles governing good chalkboard work Chalkboard work should be guided by; A good layout with correct spellings, lettering and legibility Clarity: It should be clear to make the teaching/learning phases easier. Simplicity: All the work must be simple … More History and Government: Which principles should govern the proper use of a chalkboard by a teacher?

Which situations which call for the use of a Chalkboard by a teacher?

CHAPTER THREE 3b viii).Examine the situations which call for the use of a Chalkboard. Situations which call for the use of  the chalkboard The chalkboard could be used for: Writing the summary or review or main points of the lesson, Writing and clarifying new words, forms and concepts. , Drawing sketches, maps, diagrams, illustrations and … More Which situations which call for the use of a Chalkboard by a teacher?

History and Government: How does a teacher use the chalkboard in teaching history?

CHAPTER 3 3b ix). Describe  how  a teacher uses the chalkboard in teaching history? How to use the chalkboard in history teaching and learning For effective use of the chalkboard the teacher should: Ensure the chalkboard is clean before using it. Partition the chalkboard into three sections if the size allows: use the left hand column … More History and Government: How does a teacher use the chalkboard in teaching history?

History and Government: What are the limitations of using a chalk board?

CHAPTER THREE 3b x). State the limitations of using a chalk board. Limitations of chalkboard Although the chalkboard is an effective teaching tool it has a number of shortcomings: A lot of time is spent writing on the chalkboard instead of teaching, Use of chalkboard does not cater for individual differences, especially learners with low … More History and Government: What are the limitations of using a chalk board?

History and Government: Can you justify the use of charts in the teaching and learning process of History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3c i).Justify the use of charts in the teaching process of History and Government Charts A chart is a combination of written or drawn pictorial or graphic material, which presents a clear visual summary in tabulated or methodical form, Churls are either teacher-made or ready-made, Where possible it is recommended that teachers make … More History and Government: Can you justify the use of charts in the teaching and learning process of History and Government?

History and Government: What are the qualities of a good chart?

  CHAPTER THREE 3c ii). State the qualities of a good chart. Qualities of a good chart A good chart must; Have a heading/title in capital letters. Bring out the message clearly precisely and forcefully, i.e. it should have a central idea standing out clearly, Use symbols which can be understood by the users. Contain … More History and Government: What are the qualities of a good chart?

History and Government: How does a teacher prepare proper charts?

CHAPTER THREE 3c iii). How does a teacher prepare proper charts? How to prepare charts When preparing charts for teaching/learning purposes, the teacher should do the following; Use a manila paper, which allows for the use of all conventional colours, white is an ideal colour. Give the chart a heading written in capital letters, which … More History and Government: How does a teacher prepare proper charts?

History and Government:How does a teacher effectively use a chart for maximum effect?

CHAPTER THREE 3c iv). Explain how a teacher can  effectively use a chart for maximum effect? How do you use it? In using the chart the following should be done; Give a provision for hanging or pinning the chart at a strategic place in the classroom. Do not use learners to hold it unless it … More History and Government:How does a teacher effectively use a chart for maximum effect?

What are the types of maps and what are their impact in the teaching of history and government?

CHAPTER THREE 3c v). Examine the types of maps and their impact in studying history and government. Maps A map refers to a representation of the surface of the earth or a section of it as if seen from above drawn on scale. It shows shapes of some physical features, shape, size and position of … More What are the types of maps and what are their impact in the teaching of history and government?

History and Government:What are the importance of maps in the teaching of history and government?

CHAPTER THREE 3c vi) State the importance of maps in the teaching of history and government? Importance of maps Maps are useful in history teaching because they: Help us locate where people live or have lived in the past. Make historical facts comprehensive, real and easy to remember. Enable learners to visualize areas in question … More History and Government:What are the importance of maps in the teaching of history and government?

What are the qualities of a good history and government map?

CHAPTER THREE 3c vii). State the qualities of a good history and government map? Qualities of a good history and government map A good history map should have the following characteristics: Accurate: It should be as accurate as possible. Simplicity: Information shown should be limited to essentials. Sizable: It should be large enough to be … More What are the qualities of a good history and government map?

History and Government:How does a teacher use maps effectively in the teaching of history?

CHAPTER THREE 3c viii). How does a teacher use maps effectively in the teaching of history? How to use maps effectively in history teaching For effective utilization of maps the teacher should do the following: Hang it conveniently in the classroom. Display it at the right time for instance when you want to use it … More History and Government:How does a teacher use maps effectively in the teaching of history?

History and Government: What is the relevance of Pictures in the teaching process of History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3d i). Explain the relevance of Picture in the teaching process of History and Government Pictures A picture is a painting, a drawing or a photograph of a person, an object or a scene. There is a wide variety of pictures for history teaching which can be obtained from textbooks, reference books, historical … More History and Government: What is the relevance of Pictures in the teaching process of History and Government?

History and Government:What is the criteria for good pictures?

CHAPTER THREE 3 d ii). Analyze the criteria for good pictures. Criteria for good pictures A picture selected for History and Government teaching and learning must be: Truthful and accurate: A picture which portrays any event or subject in history must represent it truthfully. Clear and easy to understand: Important parts of the picture must … More History and Government:What is the criteria for good pictures?

History and Government: How does a teacher properly utilize pictures for the maximum teaching impact?

CHAPTER THREE 3d iii).How does a teacher properly utilize pictures for the maximum teaching impact? How to utilize pictures In order to promote maximum learning, pictures should be selected and used in accordance with sound guidance: The teacher should prepare questions in advance, which will guide learners into interpreting pictures to direct or challenge their … More History and Government: How does a teacher properly utilize pictures for the maximum teaching impact?

History and Government: When does the teacher use pictures in history?

CHAPTER THREE 3d iv) State instances in which a teacher ought to use pictures in teaching history. When does the teacher use pictures in history? Most of the topics in History and Government invite the use of pictures whether they are drawn, painted or taken by means of a chemical action of light (photography). Pictures … More History and Government: When does the teacher use pictures in history?

History and Government: What are the limitations of using pictures in teaching?

CHAPTER THREE 3d v). Examine the limitations of using pictures in teaching? Limitations of using pictures in teaching A picture is static and gives only one isolated viewpoint whereas the movement of learners give them constantly changing viewpoints, A picture is only two-dimensional and therefore it does not give the depth of whatever it is … More History and Government: What are the limitations of using pictures in teaching?

What does the the term “object” in the context of teaching History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3d vi). Define the term “object” in the context of teaching History and Government? Objects An object is a visible or tangible thing to which attention or action is directed. In history teaching, it refers to a real thing, which has some historical importance. Examples of objects which can be used in history … More What does the the term “object” in the context of teaching History and Government?

History and Government:What is the importance of objects in the teaching of History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3d vii). Examine  the importance of objects in the teaching of History and Government. Importance of objects in History and Government teaching Use of objects enables learners to: Develop critical thinking and imaginative minds as they are encouraged to figure out how the objects provided were made and utilized. Identify with a given … More History and Government:What is the importance of objects in the teaching of History and Government?

History and Government: How does a teacher utilize objects in a History and Government lesson?

CHAPTER THREE 3d viii). State ways in which a teacher can utilize objects in a History and Government lesson. How to utilize objects in a History and Government lesson To utilize the objects effectively in a teaching/learning situation, the following should be done: Introduce the object to the learners. If it is big enough display … More History and Government: How does a teacher utilize objects in a History and Government lesson?

History and Government: Which topics can the use of objects be employed in teaching?

CHAPTER THREE 3d ix). State some of the topics which could be taught using objects The following are some topics which could be taught using objects: Early man Development of transport and communication, in teaching forms of communication, drums, horns, scrolls and stone tablets could be used for illustration. Under forms of transport, the following … More History and Government: Which topics can the use of objects be employed in teaching?

History and Government:What are models and what significance do they have on the teaching process?

  CHAPTER THREE 3 e i). Explain the significance of models in the teaching process. Models A model is a copy or a representation of a real thing or object on a smaller scale. Just like an actual object or thing it has breadth, length and depth and can be viewed from other sides. Usually, … More History and Government:What are models and what significance do they have on the teaching process?

History and Government: What are the characteristics of good models?

CHAPTER THREE 3e ii). Explain the varied characteristics of good models. Characteristics of good models Models qualify to be good if they have these qualities: They are three dimensional with depth, height and width providing interior views of the objects, which are normally covered or otherwise: invisible. They are large enough to be seen readily … More History and Government: What are the characteristics of good models?

History and Government: Can you explain the steps to be followed while making a model?

CHAPTER THREE 3e iii).Explain the step to be followed while making a model. How to make a model: Preparation Where the learners are involved in the preparation of the model, the teacher should do the following: Introduce the object to be modelled highlighting its main features; Identify the materials to be used; Supply the material … More History and Government: Can you explain the steps to be followed while making a model?

History and Government: What is the importance of resource persons in the teaching and learning of History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3e iv).Explain the importance of resource persons in the teaching and learning of History and Government. Resource People A resource person is anybody who can supply learners with useful information not available. The person could be either a professional or a non-professional. Examples of resource people are: civic leaders, government officers, village elders, … More History and Government: What is the importance of resource persons in the teaching and learning of History and Government?

History and Government: How can radios be used in the teaching of history and government?

10 CHAPTER THREE 3e v). Explain ways in which  radios can  be used in the teaching of history and government. Uses of the radio In history teaching and learning, the radio can be used in various ways. For example, it can be used to inform and motivate the history student on the local, national and … More History and Government: How can radios be used in the teaching of history and government?

History and Government: What are the preparations a teacher ought to make for a radio lesson?

CHAPTER THREE 3e vi). State the preparations a teacher ought to make for a radio lesson. Preparations for a radio lesson Farrant (1980) has given the following suggestions on how to get the most out of the educational broadcasting: Get in advance details of the programmes to be broadcast. Select the programmes that have positive … More History and Government: What are the preparations a teacher ought to make for a radio lesson?

History and Government: How does a teacher effectively conduct a radio lesson?

CHAPTER THREE 3 e vii). How does a teacher effectively conduct a radio lesson? How to conduct a radio lesson    When conducting a radio lesson, the teacher should: Prepare the learners for die lesson. This can be done by introducing the topic and informing the learners of what is expected of them during and after … More History and Government: How does a teacher effectively conduct a radio lesson?

History and Government: Are there advantages of using the radio as a mode of teaching?

CHAPTER THREE 3e viii). Explain the advantages of using the radio as a mode of teaching. Advantages of using the radio The radio is important in History and Government teaching because of these reasons: It motivates the learners to learn by providing a variety of voices, e.g. radio teacher, and radio students, thus breaking the … More History and Government: Are there advantages of using the radio as a mode of teaching?

History and Government: What are the limitations of using radio in the teaching and learning of History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3 e ix). Explain the limitations of using radio in the teaching and learning of History and Government. Limitations The use of the radio in teaching and learning of History and Government has the following limitations: There are certain good programmes of general nature that do not fit in the school hours, thus … More History and Government: What are the limitations of using radio in the teaching and learning of History and Government?

History and Government: What is the use of tape recorders in teaching?

CHAPTER THREE 3f i).Explain the use of tape recorders in teaching. The tape recorder A tape recorder could be defined as a device used to record speech, music and on electromagnetic tape. It is a very useful tool in history teaching and learning because it can be used and reused over and over again; it … More History and Government: What is the use of tape recorders in teaching?

History and Government: How should teachers use tape recorders in classrooms?

CHAPTER THREE 3 f ii). Explain how to use of a tape recorder in the classroom How to use a tape recorder in the classroom For effective utilization of the tape recorder, the teacher should follow the following steps; 1.Preview the audio material. The teacher has to listen to the material critically before taking it … More History and Government: How should teachers use tape recorders in classrooms?

History and Government: What are the limitations of using a tape recorder in teaching?

CHAPTER THREE 3 f iii). State the Limitations of using a tape recorder in teaching Limitations of using a tape recorder in teaching A tape recorder has a number of disadvantages as a resource of teaching history: The recorded programme lacks the visual image, which is very necessary in the teaching of History and Government. … More History and Government: What are the limitations of using a tape recorder in teaching?

History and Government: What is the significance of Audio visual materials in the teaching process?

CHAPTER THREE 3 f  iv).State the significance of audio visual materials in the teaching process. Audio-visual materials The materials included in this group are: films, televisions, videos and sound slides. Use of audio-visual materials in History and Government teaching is very important because they: Extend human perception by revealing the remote, the inaccessible, the invisible … More History and Government: What is the significance of Audio visual materials in the teaching process?

History and Government: What are the limitations of using films in the teaching of History and Government?

CHAPTER THREE 3 f v). Explain the limitations of using films in the teaching of History and Government. In deciding to use films, the teacher should be aware of their limitations such as the following. Some films can give learners incorrect notions. At times learners treat films as entertainment rather than learning features Films may … More History and Government: What are the limitations of using films in the teaching of History and Government?

History and Government: What is the procedure for showing a film?

CHAPTER THREE 3f vi). Give details on the procedure for showing a film. Procedure for showing a film Below are some of the ways a teacher can prepare for film showing: Prepare yourself’  One should select a film related to the study;  pay careful attention to the recommended level of use;  check the equipment to … More History and Government: What is the procedure for showing a film?

History and Government: How is the television an educational medium?

CHAPTER THREE 3f vii) Examine the television as an educational medium Television According to Binning et al (1952), the television has great possibilities as an educational medium, U can be a powerful tool in history teaching and learning because there are some programmes that can be utilized in the lessons Examples of such programmes are … More History and Government: How is the television an educational medium?

History and Government: Which steps should a teacher take to utilize the television more effectively.

CHAPTER THREE 3f viii). Which steps should a teacher take to utilize the television more effectively. How to get most from television A history teacher should identify relevant television programmes from the local dailies and as part of homework the learners should be asked to view these programmes during their own free time, In cases … More History and Government: Which steps should a teacher take to utilize the television more effectively.

History and Government: How best should video lessons be organized?

  CHAPTER THREE 3 f ix). Examine the most effective ways to organize video lessons. A video lesson could be organized as follows: Introduce the video programme. This can be done by giving a brief statement on the programme, explaining the purpose for watching it, emphasizing on what to look for. Give a predictive exercise, … More History and Government: How best should video lessons be organized?

History and Government:How does a teacher organize for slides?

CHAPTER THREE 3 g i).Describe how to organize for slides. How to organize for slides Decide on the topic to prepare slides on. Write down the teaching points you want to get across to the learners. Make a list of pictures you will like to take. Photograph the scenes you have decided on. Send the … More History and Government:How does a teacher organize for slides?

History and Government: What is the importance of a history room?

CHAPTER THREE 3g ii). Examine the importance of a history room. Importance of a history room It is an essential facility in a school because it: Gives the teachers more time to prepare their lesson(s), to organize their learning resources and clear up the material after the lesson without interruption. Makes history learning interesting because … More History and Government: What is the importance of a history room?

History and Government: How is a history room supposed to be organized?

CHAPTER THREE 3 g iii).  Describe the organization of a history room. Organization of a history room The room should be organized in such a way that the following is considered: There are specific areas set aside for various resources. Resources are properly arranged in.their respective places. It has soft boards for pinning charts, maps, … More History and Government: How is a history room supposed to be organized?

History and Government: How is a history room supposed to be maintained?

CHAPTER THREE 3g iv).  State how a history room should be maintained. How to maintain a history room The learners with the help of the teacher should furnish the room. After furnishing it, maintenance The teacher should assign duties to learners to:  clean the room;  care for the furniture, books and other displayed materials in … More History and Government: How is a history room supposed to be maintained?