Chapter 4 Teaching Strategies 4a i). Define expository and heuristic strategies of teaching. A teaching strategy is a way and means of organizing and facilitating learning experiences. There are two teaching strategies namely: expository (transmission) and heuristic(discovery) strategies. Expository is an approach to teaching which a teacher uses to impart or expose knowledge to … More Instructional Methods: Heuristic and Expository strategies of teaching
Chapter 4 Teaching Strategies 4a ii). Identify the factors to be considered in choosing a teaching strategy. The selection of teaching strategies will depend on whatever approach will be most effective and more efficient in enhancing the learning process. One can be guided by the following considerations in choosing a strategy. The nature of the … More Instructional Methods: What factors are you as a teacher to consider when choosing a teaching strategy?
Chapter 4 Teaching Strategies 4a iii).Identify characteristics of teaching strategies. Characteristics of Teaching Strategies Expository Heuristic Teacher-dominance in content impartation Learner-centered with the learner as the focus of the learning/teaching process The teacher provides students with information, examples, applications, definitions, explanations, generalizations, summaries, notes and even evaluations. This done through explanations or demonstration Students’ … More Instructional Methods: The Characteristics of Teaching Strategies
4a iv).Explain the advantages of teaching strategies.
There is uniformity and authenticity of the information delivered since it is prepared after careful research and extensive reading … More Instructional Methods: What are the Advantages of Teaching Strategies?
Chapter 4 Teaching Strategies 4 a v). Differentiate deductive and inductive teaching These two types of teaching are related to expository and heuristic strategies of teaching. Deductive is defined as an approach to teaching where generalization is stated first and then applied to a number of examples. It includes framing a concept or generalization and … More Instructional Methods: Are you able to differentiate between Inductive and Deductive reasoning?
Chapter 4 Teaching Strategies 4 b i). Explain how each approach could be used in teaching a specific subject in the curriculum. An example of deductive teaching in a biology lesson Establish a set of definition/or characteristics determining what constitutes an amphibian Have students identify a list of examples of animals that live on land … More Instructional Methods: How can each approach be used in teaching a specific subject in the curriculum?
4b ii).Identify and explain some teaching methods which fall under expository strategy e.g. lecture, demonstration etc.
It is a technique of teaching by means of the spoken word where information is given orally generating understanding to the learners. There are two forms of lecturing: formal and informal. A formal lecture is purely verbal and communication is basically one-way, from the speaker to the listener and from the listener to the speaker. Informal lecture is normally interrupted by questions, comments, suggestions, viewing, observations, demonstrations etc. The students are given room to participate in various ways as the lecture progresses. … More Instructional Methods: What are some of the teaching methods that fall under expository strategy?
Chapter 4 Teaching Strategies 4b iv). State the limitations of lecture method. The following are shortcomings of lecture method Poor retention of learned material. Leads to rote learning encouraging cramming instead of understanding. Does not lead to the development of inquisitive minds among learners. Boring, uninspiring and monotonous. Does not cater for individual differences. Tends … More Instructional Methods: What are the limitations of the lecture method and how can they be remedied?
Chapter 4 Teaching Strategies 4b iii). State the Advantages of Lecture method The importance of lecturing in teaching cannot be underestimated. Lang et al (1995) noted that a good lecture is like is like a good speech; it can be stimulating and challenging and can maintain the high-interest level in students. Apart from this, lecturing as … More Instructional Methods: Is the Lecturer method beneficial? State its advantages