PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the Concept and Meaning of socialization?

CHAPTER  TEN SOCIALISATION 10 a i). Examine the concept and Meaning of socialization 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Lesson Objectives        By the end of the lecture you should be able to: Define socialization. State the factors that influence socialization Explain the role of family in socialization of children Describe the concept of the child from the African context … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the Concept and Meaning of socialization?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the role of family in curriculum development?

CHAPTER NINE SOCIETY AND EDUCATION 9a ii). Examine the role of family in curriculum development. Family A society consists of families. Before children learn about their community, they will learn about family. Family provides rich learning opportunities. Family theme in a curriculum is very important because it contributes to the development of children’s self –esteem. … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the role of family in curriculum development?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the role of society in curriculum development?

CHAPTER NINE SOCIETY AND EDUCATION 9a i). Describe the role of society in curriculum development 9.1 Introduction The kind of education our children receive determines the quality of our society. The values, beliefs and norms of a society are maintained by and passed to the new generation by making them part of our system of … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the role of society in curriculum development?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are some of the various approaches used in teaching to inculcate positive values in children?

CHAPTER EIGHT VALUES 8a iii). Describe some of the various approaches used in teaching to inculcate positive values in children. 8.6  Inculcation of values.          There are different ways of inculcating values. Direct approach. Direct approach means teaching values directly to children. Efforts are made cautiously to teach different values to children. Indirect approach. Indirect approach of … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are some of the various approaches used in teaching to inculcate positive values in children?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What impact does erosion of values bear to the dispensation of education and how can it be remedied?

CHAPTER EIGHT VALUES 8a ii). Provide an analysis of the phenomenon that is the erosion of values and how it can be detected and possibly remedied. 8.5  Erosion of values Values enable children to grow and develop well. Without values, there will be no holistic development of children. Values make children important and valuable. The … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What impact does erosion of values bear to the dispensation of education and how can it be remedied?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What do we mean by values and what role does it play in the realisation of educational goals?

CHAPTER EIGHT VALUES 8a i). Explain the role played by values in the realization of goals of education. Introduction  Unit Objectives      By the end of the unit you should be able to: Define values List the characteristics of values State the types of values Describe the methods to be used to inculcate values. Explain the … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What do we mean by values and what role does it play in the realisation of educational goals?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What do we mean by the term “society” & “culture”? What is the interrelationship between the two concepts?

CHAPTER SEVEN SOCIOLOGY 7a ii). Define the term “society” and “culture” and the interrelationship between the two concepts. 7.4 SOCIETY Children grow, develop and learn within a social framework set up by the society. A good society facilitates the growth and development of children. Meaning of society According to Oxford dictionary, a “society is a … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What do we mean by the term “society” & “culture”? What is the interrelationship between the two concepts?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What does sociology mean and what role does it play in the teaching process?

CHAPTER SEVEN SOCIOLOGY 7a i). Define sociology and the role it plays in the teaching process. 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Unit Objectives By the end of this lecture you should be able to: Define sociology. Describe the branches of sociology. State the purpose of educational sociology Define society Define culture. State the elements of culture 7.3 … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What does sociology mean and what role does it play in the teaching process?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Provide an intricate analysis of Maria Montessori’s perspective on ECDE?

CHAPTER SIX PHILOSOPHERS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO ECDE 6a iii). Provide an intricate analysis of Maria Montessori’s perspective on ECDE 6.5 MARIA MONTESSORI She was born in Italy in 1870. She was the first woman in Italy to earn a doctorate degree in medicine. She worked at the University of Rome. During her time people … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Provide an intricate analysis of Maria Montessori’s perspective on ECDE?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Which are some of the aims of education according to John Dewey?

CHAPTER SIX PHILOSOPHERS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO ECDE 6a ii). Examine the aims of education according to John Dewey 6.4   JOHN DEWEY He was born in 1859 in England and migrated to America. He was a teacher, writer, educationist, psychologist, and philosopher. He was a pragmatist. He is one of the modern philosophers. He greatly … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Which are some of the aims of education according to John Dewey?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Are you able to analyze Froebel’s philosophy and his contribution to ECE?

CHAPTER SIX PHILOSOPHERS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO ECDE 6a i). Analyze Froebel’s philosophy and his contribution to ECE 6.1 Introduction In this unit, we are going to learn about Friendrich Wilhelm Froebel, John Dewey, and Maria Montessori. 6.2 Unit Objectives By the end of this lecture you should be able to: Describe Froebel’s philosophy. State … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Are you able to analyze Froebel’s philosophy and his contribution to ECE?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Can you provide an elaborate critique of Jean Jacques Rousseau thoughts on Early Childhood Education?

  CHAPTER FIVE PHILOSOPHERS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO ECDE 5a iii). Provide an elaborate critique of Jean Jacques Rousseau thoughts on Early Childhood Education. 5.5 JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU He was born in 1712 in Switzerland. He was a writer and naturalist. He believed that teachers should understand the nature of children so that they can … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Can you provide an elaborate critique of Jean Jacques Rousseau thoughts on Early Childhood Education?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Could you describe some of the existentential differences between Rousseau’s and Pestalozzi’s Early Childhood Education?

CHAPTER FIVE PHILOSOPHERS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO ECDE (Early Childhood Development Education) 5a ii).  Describe some of the existent differences between Rousseau’s and Pestalozzi’s Early Childhood Education? Differences between Rousseau’s and Pestalozzi’s ECE (Early Childhood Education) Rousseau’s never advocated for infant’s education while Pestalozzi did. Rousseau advocated for complete freedom of the child while Pestalozzi … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Could you describe some of the existentential differences between Rousseau’s and Pestalozzi’s Early Childhood Education?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Could you examine how various philosophers impacted Early Childhood Development and Education?

CHAPTER FIVE PHILOSOPHERS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO ECDE (Early Childhood Development and Education) 5a i). Explain the outlook of various philosophers and how they have impacted Early Childhood Development and Education. 5.1 Introduction In the previous lesson, we have learned about the branches of philosophy. In this lecture, we are going to learn about different … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Could you examine how various philosophers impacted Early Childhood Development and Education?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the role played by aesthetics and art in teaching?

CHAPTER FOUR BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY 4b i). State the place of aesthetics and art in teaching. 4.5 Aesthetics (Ideal Beauty) What is aesthetics? It is the study of beauty or art.  What is art? Art is a recreation of reality. Art is everything. What is the purpose of art? Its purpose is to concretize an … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the role played by aesthetics and art in teaching?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: How can we develop children’s morals in the classroom?

CHAPTER FOUR BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY 4a iv). State several methodologies that can be followed to ensure that children develop good morals in the classroom. Development of Morals How can we develop children’s morals? Telling children what they should do and not do. Children should be told not only what they should not do but also … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: How can we develop children’s morals in the classroom?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is ethics?

CHAPTER FOUR BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY 4a iii). Discuss the concept of ethics in the context of the teaching-learning environment today. 4.4 ETHICS (IDEAL CONDUCT)      What is ethics? The word ethics is derived from a Greek Word ‘Ethikos’ meaning a custom or habit. Thus ethics is the study of values and customs of people in a … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is ethics?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the meaning of knowledge in the context of philosophy in the teaching environment?

   CHAPTER FOUR BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY 4a ii). Critically analyze the meaning of knowledge in the context of philosophy in the teaching environment. What is knowledge? Knowledge is justified true belief. Information must meet the following three conditions to qualify to be called knowledge. The conditions are: Belief conditions. Belief is a conviction or psychological … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What is the meaning of knowledge in the context of philosophy in the teaching environment?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are some of the various branches of philosophy?

CHAPTER FOUR BRANCHES OF PHILOSOPHY 4a i). Describe some of the various branches of philosophy. 4.1 Introduction In chapter one, we learned that philosophy is a system of beliefs about reality and one’s view of the world.  Philosophy enables man to understand the world and the truth. The branches of philosophy are: Metaphysics (study of … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are some of the various branches of philosophy?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What relationship that exists between philosophy and education?

CHAPTER  THREE CATEGORIES OF PHILOSOPHIES 3b iii). Describe the relationship that exists between philosophy and education 3.10 Relationship between philosophy and education. According to Dewey philosophy is the theory of education. The relationship between philosophy and education may be analyzed as follows: Philosophy is the foundation to decide the goals of life, while education equips … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What relationship that exists between philosophy and education?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: How philosophy impacts discipline in the teaching-learning environment?

CHAPTER  THREE CATEGORIES OF PHILOSOPHIES 3b ii). Discuss how philosophy impacts discipline in the teaching-learning environment 3.9 Philosophy and discipline.     Philosophy determines the nature and form of discipline.    (a)Idealism and Discipline.      Idealism recommends the following forms of discipline: Restricted freedom to the child. Idealist belief that their can not be spiritual development without discipline. Importance … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: How philosophy impacts discipline in the teaching-learning environment?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are some of the philosophies and methods of teaching?

CHAPTER  THREE CATEGORIES OF PHILOSOPHIES 3a iv). Analyze the philosophies and methods of teaching 3.7 Philosophy and Methods of Teaching Philosophy also influences methods of teaching. Philosophy determines the methods of teaching. Different philosophical approaches recommends different methods of teaching. a. Methods of teaching recommended by Idealism. Some of the methods recommended by idealism are: … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are some of the philosophies and methods of teaching?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What interrelationship exists between Philosophy and the Curriculum?

CHAPTER  THREE CATEGORIES OF PHILOSOPHIES 3a iii). Describe the interrelationship that exists between Philosophy and the Curriculum Philosophy and Curriculum. Curriculum is the design of education. Through it, the designed behavioral changes are sought to be achieved to attain the goals in life and aims of education. It is the philosophy which decides why a … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What interrelationship exists between Philosophy and the Curriculum?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Can you examine some of the aims of education according to different philosophies?

CHAPTER  THREE CATEGORIES OF PHILOSOPHIES 3a ii). Define the Aims of education according to different philosophies: 3.5 Philosophy and Targets Education. Statements of aims, goals and objectives are not created in a vacuum. Philosophy influences or determines the aims goals and objectives of education of a country’s system of education. The philosophy advocated by a country … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Can you examine some of the aims of education according to different philosophies?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What does the concept of monism mean?

CHAPTER  THREE CATEGORIES OF PHILOSOPHIES 3a i). Analyze the concept of monism 3.1 Introduction In this lecture, we are going to learn about categories of philosophies and how they influence aims of education and other important aspects of education. 3.2 Unit Objectives By the end this lecture you should be able to: State the categories … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What does the concept of monism mean?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Can you explain the Kenya’s philosophy of education?

CHAPTER TWO NATIONAL AND EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY 2a ii).Explain Kenya’s philosophy of education Kenya’s philosophy of education The philosophy of education in Kenya is based on our national philosophy. Educational philosophy appreciates the rationale underlying the objectives emanating from the national philosophy to seek the ultimate reasons that justify the practice of education. The translation of national … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: Can you explain the Kenya’s philosophy of education?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What impact does national and educational philosophy bear on teaching in Kenya?

2a i). Discuss the concept of national and educational philosophy in the Kenyan context. CHAPTER TWO NATIONAL AND EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY 2.1 Introduction In this unit, we are going to learn about our country’s national philosophy and educational philosophy which lays the foundation of our education. National philosophy influences educational philosophy and determines a country’s system … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What impact does national and educational philosophy bear on teaching in Kenya?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What do we mean by the terms “curriculum”,  “philosophy” and “foundation” ?

CHAPTER ONE DEFINITION OF TERMS 1a iii). Define the terms “curriculum”,  “philosophy” and “foundation” Curriculum Cunningham (1888) says, “Curriculum is a tool in the hands of artist (teacher) to mould his material (pupil) according to his ideals (aims, goals and objectives) in his studio (school). Saylor (1988) says that curriculum is “A plan for providing … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What do we mean by the terms “curriculum”,  “philosophy” and “foundation” ?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are National goals of education in Kenya?

CHAPTER ONE DEFINITION OF TERMS 1a ii).  Analyze National goals of education in Kenya National goals of education in Kenya Goals of education describe what is to be achieved through education by educational institutions, for example, to unite all Kenyans and develop Kenya. This means that all educational institutions starting from pre-primary schools should work towards … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are National goals of education in Kenya?

PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are some of the objectives, goals, and aims of education?

CHAPTER ONE DEFINITION OF TERMS 1a i). Examine the objectives, goals, aims of education. Introduction In this unit we shall define important terms used in this module to make understanding easy. Unit Objectives By the end of this lecture you should be able to: Define education Define aims List examples of aims Define goals Give … More PHILOSOPHICAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF EDUCATION: What are some of the objectives, goals, and aims of education?